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Trade among the Post-Soviet states: evolution and policy issues


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  • Langhammer, Rolf J.
  • Lücke, Matthias


This paper analyses the causes of the precipitous fall in trade among the twelve CIS countries since 1990; points out the implications for industrial restructuring; and discusses the policy options for regional reintegration. The main finding is that the decline in intra-C!S trade was initiated by the institutional void left by the collapse of the central planning system. However, the high volume of trade among the former Soviet republics reflected largely their isolation from the rest of the world economy, as well as other policy-induced distortions. Therefore, if market-oriented economic reforms in the CIS countries are successful, intra-CIS trade flows will remain substantially smaller than during the Soviet period.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 708.

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Date of creation: 1995
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:708

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Keywords: Commonwealth of Independent States; regional integration; intra-regional trade; industrial restructuring;

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  1. Lücke, Matthias, 1994. "Beschäftigungsstruktur und realwirtschaftliche Anpassung in der ehemaligen Sowjetunion," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 1614, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  2. Holger Schmieding, 1993. "From plan to market: On the nature of the transformation crisis," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 129(2), pages 216-253, June.
  3. Brown, A.N. & Ickes, B. & Ryterman, R., 1993. "The Myth of Monopoly: A New View of Industrial Structure in Russia," Papers 10-93-5, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
  4. Orlowski, Lucjan T., 1993. "Indirect transfers in trade among former Soviet Union Republics: Sources, patterns and policy responses in the post-Soviet period," Kiel Working Papers 556, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  5. Tarr, David G., 1993. "How moving to world prices affects the terms of trade in 15 countries of the former Soviet Union," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1074, The World Bank.
  6. Lücke, Matthias, 1995. "The impact of accession to GATT on trade-related policies of CIS countries: the case of Belarus," Kiel Working Papers 678, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  7. Orlowski, Lucjan T, 1995. " Direct Transfers between the Former Soviet Union Central Budget and the Republics: Past Evidence and Current Implications," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 59-73.
  8. Jacquemin, Alexis & Sapir, Andre, 1991. "Europe Post-1992: Internal and External Liberalization," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 166-70, May.
  9. Dariusz K. Rosati, 1994. "Output decline during transition from plan to market: a reconsideration," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 2(4), pages 419-441, December.
  10. Lücke, Matthias, 1992. "Produktionsstruktur und Außenhandelsverflechtung der Nachfolgestaaten der Sowjetunion," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 1531, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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Cited by:
  1. Lücke, Matthias, 1997. "Accession of CIS countries to the World Trade Organisation," Kiel Working Papers 796, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  2. Buch, Claudia M. & Heinrich, Ralph P. & Langhammer, Rolf J. & Lücke, Matthias & Engerer, Hella & Schrettl, Wolfram & Schrooten, Mechthild & Weißenburger, Ulrich & Gabrisch, Hubert & Sigmund, Peter, 1995. "Die wirtschaftliche Lage Weißrußlands: Fehlende Reformen gefährden geldpolitischen Kurswechsel," Kiel Discussion Papers 260, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  3. Buch, Claudia M. & Heinrich, Ralph P. & Langhammer, Rolf J. & Lücke, Matthias & Brücker, Herbert & Engerer, Hella & Schrettl, Wolfram & Schrooten, Mechthild & Weißenburger, Ulrich & Gabrisch, Huber, 1996. "Die wirtschaftliche Lage Rußlands. Rußland in der Weltwirtschaft: Noch nicht mehr als ein Exporteur von Rohstoffen. Siebenter Bericht, Teil II," Kiel Discussion Papers 265, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  4. Piazolo, Daniel, 1997. "Gaining credibility and enhancing economic growth through regional integration: The case for EU membership of Eastern Europe," Kiel Working Papers 837, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.


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