OLS-Estimation of conditional and unconditional sigma- and beta-convergence of per capita income: Implications of Solow-Swan and Ramsey-Cass models
AbstractIn this paper I discuss the general statistical relationships between beta- and sigmaconvergence (for a definition see section 2) and the implications of the Solow-Swan and Ramsey-Cass model for an OLS-estimation of beta- and sigma-convergence of the log of per capita GDP over a cross section of countries. Furthermore, I present tests of conditional and unconditional sigma- and beta-convergence. The discussion of the statistical relations exhibits that based on the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality it is possible to show that sigma-convergence implies necessarily beta-convergence but that beta-convergence is compatible with sigma-convergence as well as sigma-divergence. The discussion of the implications of the Solow-Swan model shows that - depending on identical stochastics - these models imply unconditional beta- and sigma-convergence, if the cross section sample includes only economies with identical steady state parameters. If the economies display different steady state parameters both models imply conditional beta- and sigma-convergence. A replication of the well-known test results for conditional beta-convergence based on the Summers/Heston (1991) and the Barro/Lee (1993) data sets, does not reject conditional betaconvergence. However, the results of the tests for conditional sigma-convergence are sensitive concerning slight modifications of the cross section sample of countries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 698.
Date of creation: 1995
Date of revision:
Beta- and sigma convergence of per capita GDP; Solow-Swan growth model; Ramsey growth model; multicollinearity; BLUE property of OLS-estimators; empirical test;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
- C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
- F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
- O11 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
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