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From socialism to an institutional void: Notes on the nature of the transformation crisis

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  • Schmieding, Holger
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    Abstract

    This paper discusses the possible nature of a transformation crisis. The major point is that the institutional void which the collapse of socialism has left behind is a major cause of the slump. The wealth of developed economies, be they socialist or capitalist, springs from a complicated pattern of an extended division of labour. Any beneficial specialisation in production in turn depends on an appropriate institutional framework for the reliable coordination of the various activities. The essence of systemic transformation is an institutional revolution: the old high-cost institutional setting (socialism) is abolished to make way for an ultimately far superior low-cost one (capitalism). However, the emergence, establishment and consolidation of the new institutional arrangements takes time. Furthermore, the new social devices lack two essential features; they have no well-established reputation (credibility) and economic agents are not yet familiar with them (information costs). The present institutional deficiencies include the lack of a reliable means of deferred payments, i.e. a sound money. Before these institutional aspects are elaborated, this paper addresses some other possible causes of the transformation crisis, notably the issue of inherited inefficiencies, the role of an insufficient responsiveness of supply and the consequences of real factor price rigidity.

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    Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 480.

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    Date of creation: 1991
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    Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:480

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    1. Hare, Paul G & Hughes, Gordon, 1991. "Competitiveness and Industrial Restructuring in Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 543, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Kronman, Anthony T, 1985. "Contract Law and the State of Nature," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 1(1), pages 5-32, Spring.
    3. Brecher, Richard A, 1974. "Minimum Wage Rates and the Pure Theory of International Trade," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 88(1), pages 98-116, February.
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    Cited by:
    1. Raiser, Martin, 1992. "Soft budget constraints: An institutional interpretation of stylised facts in economic transformation in Central Eastern Europe," Kiel Working Papers 549, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    2. Holger Schmieding, 1993. "From plan to market: On the nature of the transformation crisis," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 129(2), pages 216-253, June.

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