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The Employment Effects of Immigration: Evidence from the Mass Arrival of German Expellees in Post-war Germany

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Author Info

  • Sebastian Braun
  • Toman Omar Mahmoud

Abstract

This paper studies the employment effects of the influx of millions of German expellees to West Germany after World War II. The expellees were forced to relocate to post-war Germany. They represented a complete cross-section of society, were close substitutes to the native West German population, and were very unevenly distributed across labor market segments in West Germany. We find a substantial negative effect of expellee inflows on native employment. The effect was, however, limited to labor market segments with very high inflow rates. IV regressions that exploit variation in geographical proximity and in pre-war occupations confirm the OLS results

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File URL: https://www.ifw-members.ifw-kiel.de/publications/the-employment-effects-of-immigration-evidence-from-the-mass-arrival-of-german-expellees-in-post-war-germany/kwp1725.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1725.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1725

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Keywords: Forced migration; employment; post-war Germany;

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References

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  1. Thomas Bauer & Sebastian Braun & Michael Kvasnicka, 2012. "The Economic Integration of Forced Migrants: Evidence for Post-War Germany," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1230, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  2. Christian Dustmann & Albrecht Glitz & Tommaso Frattini, 2008. "The Labour Market Impact of Immigration," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0811, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  3. Abdurrahman Aydemir & George J. Borjas, 2011. "Attenuation Bias in Measuring the Wage Impact of Immigration," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 29(1), pages 69-113, 01.
  4. Sari Pekkala, 2005. "Economic Impacts of Immigration: A Survey," Discussion Papers 362, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
  5. Rachel M. Friedberg & J. Hunt, 1995. "The Impact of Immigrants on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth," Working Papers 95-5, Brown University, Department of Economics.
  6. Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano & Giovanni Peri, 2006. "Rethinking the Effects of Immigration on Wages," NBER Working Papers 12497, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. S. Longhi & P. Nijkamp & J. Poot, 2010. "Joint impacts of immigration on wages and employment: review and meta-analysis," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 355-387, December.
  8. Joseph G. Altonji & David Card, 1991. "The Effects of Immigration on the Labor Market Outcomes of Less-skilled Natives," NBER Chapters, in: Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market, pages 201-234 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Leah Platt Boustan & Price V. Fishback & Shawn E. Kantor, 2007. "The Effect of Internal Migration on Local Labor Markets: American Cities During the Great Depression," NBER Working Papers 13276, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. John M. Abowd & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number abow91-1, January.
  11. David Card, 1989. "The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 3069, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Marco Manacorda & Alan Manning & Jonathan Wadsworth, 2012. "The Impact Of Immigration On The Structure Of Wages: Theory And Evidence From Britain," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 10(1), pages 120-151, 02.
  13. Christian Dustmann & Francesca Fabbri & Ian Preston, 2005. "The Impact of Immigration on the British Labour Market," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 115(507), pages F324-F341, November.
  14. Rachel M. Friedberg, 2001. "The Impact Of Mass Migration On The Israeli Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 116(4), pages 1373-1408, November.
  15. Simonetta Longhi & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2010. "Meta-analyses of labour-market impacts of immigration: key conclusions and policy implications," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 28(5), pages 819-833, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Sebastian Braun, Michael Kvasnicka, 2012. "Immigration and Structural Change: Evidence from Post-war Germany," Kiel Working Papers 1778, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  2. Heid, Benedikt & Larch, Mario, 2011. "Migration, trade and unemployment," Economics Discussion Papers 2011-45, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  3. Michel Beine & Serge Coulombe, 2014. "Immmigration and Internal Mobility in Canada," CESifo Working Paper Series 4823, CESifo Group Munich.

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