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Do Trade and Investment Agreements Lead to More FDI? Accounting for Key Provisions Inside the Black Box

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  • Axel Berger
  • Matthias Busse
  • Peter Nunnenkamp
  • Martin Roy

Abstract

The previous literature provides a highly ambiguous picture on the impact of trade and investment agreements on FDI. Most empirical studies ignore the actual content of BITs and RTAs, treating them as "black boxes", despite the diversity of investment provisions constituting the essence of these agreements. We overcome this serious limitation by analyzing the impact of modalities on the admission of FDI and dispute settlement mechanisms in both RTAs and BITs on bilateral FDI flows between 1978 and 2004. We find that FDI reacts positively to RTAs only if they offer liberal admission rules. Dispute settlement provisions play a minor role. While RTAs without strong investment provisions may even discourage FDI, the reactions to BITs are less discriminate with foreign investors responding favourably to the mere existence of BITs

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1647.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1647

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Keywords: foreign direct investment; bilateral investment treaties; regional trade agreements; admission rules; investor-state dispute settlement;

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Cited by:
  1. World Bank & P.R.C. Development Research Center of the State Council, 2012. "China 2030 : Building a Modern, Harmonious, and Creative High-Income Society [pre-publication version]," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6057, October.

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