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Incentives to Work: The Case of Germany

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  • Alfred Boss
  • Thomas Elendner
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    Abstract

    Based on a description of the German system of taxes and transfers, the incentives to work are analyzed for several groups of the labor force. The effects of the “Hartz IV” reform (effective from 2005 onwards) on the incentives receive particular attention. It turns out that the marginal (explicit and implicit) tax rates for most groups of the labor force remain high. It is concluded that employment probably will not be affected significantly by that part of the reform which aims at strengthening the incentives to work. Other elements of “Hartz IV” are only touched on.

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    File URL: http://www.ifw-members.ifw-kiel.de/publications/incentives-to-work-the-case-of-germany/kap1237.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1237.

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    Length: 67 pages
    Date of creation: Feb 2005
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1237

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    Related research

    Keywords: Income tax rates; contributions to social security; unemployment benefits; implicit tax rates; incentives to work;

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    References

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    1. Alfred Boss, 2001. "Sozialhilfe, Lohnabstand, Leistungsanreize und Mindestlohnarbeitslosigkeit," Kiel Working Papers 1075, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    2. Breyer, Friedrich & Franz, Wolfgang & Homburg, Stefan & Schnabel, Reinhold & Wille, Eberhard, 2004. "Reform der sozialen Sicherung," EconStor Books, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, number 92399, April.
    3. Herbert Buscher, 2004. "Hartz IV: 1-Euro-Jobs setzen falsche Anreize," Wirtschaft im Wandel, Halle Institute for Economic Research, vol. 10(11), pages 300-306.
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    Cited by:
    1. Berger, Helge & Danninger, Stephan, 2006. "The employment effects of labor and product markets deregulations and their implications for structural reform," Discussion Papers 2006/10, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    2. Helge Berger & Stephan Danninger, 2005. "Labor and Product Market Deregulation: Partial, Sequential, or Simultaneous Reform?," IMF Working Papers 05/227, International Monetary Fund.

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