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The Impact of Structural Reforms on Wages and Employment: The Case of Formal versus Informal Workers in Bolivia

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  • Julius Spatz

Abstract

This paper seeks to contribute to the ongoing controversy on the distributional effects of structural reforms in developing countries. To this end, we set up a small-scale macroeconomic model of a dual economy to capture the transmission mechanisms through which the deregulation of product and factor markets, the liberalization of the trade and FDI regime, and the privatization of public companies impact on the distribution of employment and wages between the formal and the informal sector. We empirically test the implications of our theoretical model in a detailed case study on the structural reform process in Bolivia since 1985.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1186.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1186

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Keywords: Structural Reforms; Informal Sector; Wages; Employment; Bolivia;

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References

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  1. Olivier Blanchard & Francesco Giavazzi, 2001. "Macroeconomic Effects of Regulation and Deregulation in Goods and Labor Markets," NBER Working Papers 8120, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Haskel, Jonathan & Szymanski, Stefan, 1993. "Privatization, Liberalization, Wages and Employment: Theory and Evidence for the UK," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 60(238), pages 161-81, May.
  3. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
  4. Eduardo Lora, 2001. "Structural Reforms in Latin America: What Has Been Reformed and How to Measure It," IDB Publications 39858, Inter-American Development Bank.
  5. Eduardo Lora & Ugo Panizza, 2002. "Structural Reforms in Latin America under Scrutiny," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4301, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  6. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
  7. Haskel, Jonathan & Sanchis, Amparo, 1995. "Privatisation and X-Inefficiency: A Bargaining Approach," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(3), pages 301-21, September.
  8. Stephen Nickell & D. Nicolitsas, 1994. "Wages," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 51644, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  9. Nickell, S & Vainiomaki, J & Wadhwani, S, 1994. "Wages and Product Market Power," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 61(244), pages 457-73, November.
  10. Lawrence H. Summers, 1988. "Relative Wages, Efficiency Wages, and Keynesian Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 2590, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Garino, Gaia & Martin, Christopher, 2000. "Efficiency wages and union-firm bargaining," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 181-185, November.
  12. Oaxaca, Ronald L. & Ransom, Michael R., 1994. "On discrimination and the decomposition of wage differentials," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 5-21, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Nunnenkamp, Peter & Thiele, Rainer, 2004. "Strategien zur Bekämpfung der weltweiten Armut: Irrwege, Umwege und Auswege," Kiel Discussion Papers, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) 407, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  2. Jann Lay & Rainer Thiele & Manfred Wiebelt, 2006. "Resource Booms, Inequality, and Poverty: The Case of Gas in Bolivia," Kiel Working Papers, Kiel Institute for the World Economy 1287, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  3. Stephan Klasen & Melanie Grosse & Rainer Thiele & Jann Lay & Julius Spatz & Manfred Wiebelt, 2004. "Operationalizing Pro-Poor Growth - Country Case Study: Bolivia," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research 101, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
  4. Nicoletta Batini & Paul Levine & Emanuela Lotti & Bo Yang, 2011. "Informality, Frictions and Monetary Policy," School of Economics Discussion Papers, School of Economics, University of Surrey 0711, School of Economics, University of Surrey.

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