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Tax Exemption for Biofuels in Germany: Is Bio-Ethanol Really an Option for Climate Policy?

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  • Jan M. Henke
  • Gernot Klepper
  • Norbert Schmitz
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    Abstract

    Last year the German Parliament exempted biofuels from the gasoline tax. The promotion of biofuels is being justified by allegedly positive effects on climate, energy, and agricultural policy goals. The paper takes a closer look at bio-ethanol as a substitute for gasoline. We analyze the basic conditions that provide the setting for the production and promotion of biofuels and show that the production of bio-ethanol in Germany is not competitive. Using energy and greenhouse gas balances we demonstrate that a possible increased use of bioethanol to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is inefficient and that there are preferred alternative strategies. In addition, scenarios on the development of the bio-ethanol market are derived from a model that allows for variations in decisive variables and reflects the production and trade chain of bio-ethanol.

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    File URL: https://www.ifw-members.ifw-kiel.de/publications/tax-exemption-for-biofuels-in-germany-is-bio-ethanol-really-an-option-for-climate-policy-1/kap1184.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1184.

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    Length: 36 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2003
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1184

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    Related research

    Keywords: biofuels; ethanol; climate policy; agricultural policy; gasoline tax; energy balances; GHG balances;

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    References

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    1. Grant Kirkpatrick & Gernot Klepper & Robert W.R. Price, 2001. "Making Growth More Environmentally Sustainable in Germany," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 276, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:
    1. Ryan, Lisa & Convery, Frank & Ferreira, Susana, 2006. "Stimulating the use of biofuels in the European Union: Implications for climate change policy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(17), pages 3184-3194, November.

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