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Finanzhilfen der Bundesländer: Eine Aktualisierung

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  • Astrid Rosenschon
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    Abstract

    Die Finanzhilfen der Bundesländer und ihrer Gemeinden sind beträchtlich. Für das Jahr 2001 wurde ein Betrag von insgesamt 70,6 Mrd. Euro ermittelt. Er entspricht mehr als der Hälfte des gesamten Lohnsteueraufkom­mens, das freilich um das Kindergeld reduziert ist, oder 3,4 Prozent des Bruttoinlandsprodukts. Die Finanzhilfen der Bundesländer und ihrer Gemeinden sind regional und sektoral nicht gleich verteilt. In den ostdeutschen Flächenstaaten sind sie, auf die Einwohnerzahl bezogen, rund doppelt so hoch wie in Westdeutschland. Sektoral konzentrieren sie sich auf Krisenbranchen und Binnensektoren, die keinem internationalen Wettbewerb ausgesetzt sind. Subsidies granted by German states (Länder) and municipalities are substantial and amounted to more than € 70.6 bill. in 2001. Thus, statesÂ’ expenditures for subsidies exceeded half of total wage tax revenues (after deduction of child allowances) in Germany or 3.4 per cent of German GDP. StatesÂ’ subsidies are far from evenly distributed in regional and sectoral perspective. For East German states, subsidies per inhabitant are twice as high as in West German states, excluding city states. With respect to sectoral decomposition, subsidies are granted mainly for branches suffering from economic crisis or not being subject to international competition.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1127.

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    Length: 44 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1127

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Corporate author, 2002. "Die Lage der Weltwirtschaft und der deutschen Wirtschaft im Frühjahr 2002," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 69(17/18), pages 259-300.
    2. Arbeitsgemeinschaft deutscher wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Forschungsinstitute, 2002. "Die Lage der Weltwirtschaft und der deutschen Wirtschaft im Frühjahr 2002," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 55(08), pages 3-30, 04.
    3. Klodt, Henning & Schmidt, Klaus-Dieter & Boss, Alfred & Busch, Axel & Rosenschon, Astrid & Suhr, Wolfgang, 1989. "Weltwirtschaftlicher Strukturwandel und Standortwettbewerb : die deutsche Wirtschaft auf dem Prüfstand," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 448, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Rosenschon, Astrid, 1994. "Subventionen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland," Kiel Working Papers 617, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    5. Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutscher Wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Forschungsinstitute (Ed.), 2002. "Die Lage der Weltwirtschaft und der deutschen Wirtschaft im Frühjahr 2002," HWWA Reports 218, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
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    Cited by:
    1. Boss, Alfred & Rosenschon, Astrid, 2003. "Eine Strategie zum Abbau der Subventionen," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 3250, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    2. Alfred Boss & Astrid Rosenschon, 2006. "Subventionen in Deutschland: Eine Bestandsaufnahme," Kiel Working Papers 1267, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    3. Alfred Boss & Astrid Rosenschon, 2003. "Finanzhilfen des Bundes," Kiel Working Papers 1188, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    4. Rosenschon, Astrid, 2005. "Finanzhilfen der Bundesländer in den Jahren 2000 - 2004: Eine empirische Analyse," Kiel Discussion Papers 422, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).

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