Determinants of Small Business Presence in Japanese and UK Manufacturing
AbstractThe present paper has attempted to examine determinants of small business(SMEs) presence in Japanese and UK manufacturing industries, using a cross-industry model. The results suggest that market structure elements have a definite influence on SMEs' share. This conclusion is consistent with the findings observed in the US and other European countries. The main results here are the following; (1) Concentration is negatively related to SMEs' share. (2) Capital intensity and requirements have a negative influence. (3) Scale economies have a negative association with SMEsf share. (4) R&D provides disadvantages for SMEs. (5) The above results are found for both the countries. But, advertising shows a different result between the countries; it has a negative effect in the UK, while it has no effect in Japan. (6) Also, both industry size and growth have a different relationship between the countries. These factors have a significant effect in the UK. but the former has a negative effect, while the latter has a positive effect. On the other hand, these factors have no discernible effect in Japan. (7) The subcontracting has no definite influence on SMEs' share in Japan,
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University in its series Discussion Paper Series with number 08.
Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 1995
Date of revision: 1995
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