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Determinants of Small Business Presence in Japanese and UK Manufacturing

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Author Info

  • Noriyuki Doi

    ()
    (School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University)

  • Marc Cowling

    ()
    (Warwick Business School, University of Warwick)

Abstract

The present paper has attempted to examine determinants of small business(SMEs) presence in Japanese and UK manufacturing industries, using a cross-industry model. The results suggest that market structure elements have a definite influence on SMEs' share. This conclusion is consistent with the findings observed in the US and other European countries. The main results here are the following; (1) Concentration is negatively related to SMEs' share. (2) Capital intensity and requirements have a negative influence. (3) Scale economies have a negative association with SMEsf share. (4) R&D provides disadvantages for SMEs. (5) The above results are found for both the countries. But, advertising shows a different result between the countries; it has a negative effect in the UK, while it has no effect in Japan. (6) Also, both industry size and growth have a different relationship between the countries. These factors have a significant effect in the UK. but the former has a negative effect, while the latter has a positive effect. On the other hand, these factors have no discernible effect in Japan. (7) The subcontracting has no definite influence on SMEs' share in Japan,

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File URL: http://192.218.163.163/RePEc/pdf/kgdp08.pdf
File Function: First version, 1995
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University in its series Discussion Paper Series with number 08.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 1995
Date of revision: 1995
Handle: RePEc:kgu:wpaper:08

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