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Employment Effects of Reducing Capital Gains Tax Rates in Ohio

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  • William R. Melick

Abstract

Entrepreneurial activity is a key driver of job creation, and entrepreneurs and their financiers are especially sensitive to capital gains taxes. As a result, a cut in the capital gains tax rate should be expected to stimulate job creation to some degree. We measure the magnitude of this effect by examining the treatment of capital gains across the 50 states over roughly the past 40 years. Our results suggest that a complete elimination of the taxation of capital gains realized by Ohio taxpayers would lead to the creation of 40,000 new jobs. Applying this estimate to proposals currently under discussion suggests a somewhat smaller effect.

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File URL: http://economics.kenyon.edu/melick/Research/OhioCapGains.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kenyon College, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1101.

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Date of creation: Jun 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ken:wpaper:1101

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Web page: http://economics.kenyon.edu/
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Keywords: capital gains tax rate; employment;

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  1. Jon Bakija, 2006. "Documentation for a Comprehensive Historical U.S. Federal and State Income Tax Calculator Program," Department of Economics Working Papers 2006-02, Department of Economics, Williams College, revised Aug 2009.
  2. Cullen, Julie Berry & Gordon, Roger H., 2007. "Taxes and entrepreneurial risk-taking: Theory and evidence for the U.S," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(7-8), pages 1479-1505, August.
  3. Daniel Feenberg & Elisabeth Coutts, 1993. "An introduction to the TAXSIM model," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(1), pages 189-194.
  4. Ricardo O. Cavalcanti & Andrés Erosa, 2007. "A theory of capital gains taxation and business turnover," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 32(3), pages 477-496, September.
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