Estimation of Optimal Metropolitan Size in Japan with Consideration of Social Costs
AbstractThe main purpose of this study is to estimate the optimal city size which would attain maximum total surplus and sustainability, or a city size in which total benefits would equal total costs. We apply regressions to the total benefit function and the total cost function for 269 employment metropolitan areas for the year 2000 in Japan. Our study can be distinguished from others in that we include in total costs such social costs as environmental pollution. Our findings are that the optimal city size is 393,151 persons. The sustainable limit for city size is 1,057,412.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Kobe University, Graduate School of Business Administration in its series Discussion Papers with number 2012-19.
Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: May 2012
Date of revision:
Optimal City Size; Total Surplus; Environmental Costs; Social Costs;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
- Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-04-06 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENV-2013-04-06 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-URE-2013-04-06 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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