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A Bayesian Analysis of Female Wage Dynamics Using Markov Chain Clustering

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    Abstract

    In this work, we analyze wage careers of women in Austria. We identify groups of female employees with similar patterns in their earnings development. Covariates such as e.g. the age of entry, the number of children or maternity leave help to detect these groups. We find three different types of female employees: (1) “high-wage mums”, women with high income and one or two children, (2) “low-wage mums”, women with low income and ‘many’ children and (3) “childless careers”, women who climb up the career ladder and do not have children. We use a Markov chain clustering approach to find groups in the discretevalued time series of income states. Additional covariates are included when modeling group membership via a multinomial logit model.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria in its series NRN working papers with number 2011-04.

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    Length: 16 pages
    Date of creation: Jul 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:jku:nrnwps:2011_04

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    Related research

    Keywords: Income Career; Transition Data; Multinomial Logit; Auxiliary Mixture Sampler; Markov Chain Monte Carlo;

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    1. Sylvia Frühwirth-Schnatter & Andrea Weber & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2010. "Labor Market Entry and Earnings Dynamics: Bayesian Inference Using Mixtures-of-Experts Markov Chain Clustering," Economics working papers 2010-11, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
    2. Josef Zweimüller & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer & Rafael Lalive & Andreas Kuhn & Jean-Philippe Wuellrich & Oliver Ruf & Simon Büchi, 2009. "Austrian social security database," IEW - Working Papers 410, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
      • Josef Zweimüller & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer & Rafael Lalive & Andreas Kuhn & Jean-Philippe Wuellrich & Oliver Ruf & Simon Büchi, 2009. "Austrian Social Security Database," NRN working papers 2009-03, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
    3. Weber, Andrea, 2002. "State Dependence and Wage Dynamics: A Heterogeneous Markov Chain Model for Wage Mobility in Austria," Economics Series 114, Institute for Advanced Studies.
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