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Winner-Take-All Contention of Innovation under Globalization: A Simulation Analysis and East Asia's Empirics

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  • Ishido, Hikari
  • Okamoto, Yusuke
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    Abstract

    This paper sets out to examine how innovation enhances export competitiveness: The proposition that export volume becomes enhanced as more productivity-enhancing innovation is captured by the exporting economy is the focus of this study. From a Schumpeterian perspective, innovation can be characterized by continuous creation and subsequent diffusion of newer technologies on the basis of the exporters' existing capital stock. Then we highlight the theoretical possibility that concentration of innovative activities in a small group of "winner" economies would lead to larger shares of "winner" economies' exports of innovation-active commodities than those commodities for which technology involved is already mature. The world's export data corroborates this theoretical prediction overall, and a focus upon East Asia has revealed the region's increasing resort to technology-intensive commodity sectors, which has presumably been enabled through attracting technology-bearing inward foreign direct investment. Considering the overall gains from innovation, acceleration of full "cycle" of innovation and imitation might be a desirable option.

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    File URL: http://ir.ide.go.jp/dspace/bitstream/2344/153/3/ARRIDE_Discussion_No.53_ishido.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2006
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) in its series IDE Discussion Papers with number 53.

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    Date of creation: Mar 2006
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    Publication status: Published in IDE Discussion Paper. No. 53. 2006.3
    Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper53

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    Related research

    Keywords: Concentration and diffusion of innovation; Industrialization; Technological innovations; Globalization; International trade; International competition; Exports; East Asia; Southeast Asia;

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    References

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    1. Kyoji Fukao & Hikari Ishido & Keiko Ito, 2003. "Vertical Intra-Industry Trade and Foreign Direct Investment in East Asia," Discussion papers 03001, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    2. Diwan, Ishac & Rodrik, Dani, 1991. "Patents, appropriate technology, and North-South trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 27-47, February.
    3. Masanao Aoki, 2001. "Modeling Aggregate Behavior and Fluctuations in Economics: Stochastic Views of Interacting Agents," UCLA Economics Online Papers 142, UCLA Department of Economics.
    4. Masanao Aoki, 2000. "Demand Creation and Economic Growth," UCLA Economics Online Papers 103, UCLA Department of Economics.
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