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Development and institutionalization of communitarian thought in Thailand

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  • Shigetomi, Shinichi
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    Abstract

    In Thailand, communitarian ideas have been widely accepted and even institutionalized as a principle of national development plans and the Constitution of Thailand. This paper examines how and why the communitarian body of thought, described as "community culture thought," and originally created and shared within a small circle of social activists and academics in the early 1980s, came to be disseminated and authorized in Thai society. Contributors and participants, ways of expression, and avenues for disseminating this paradigm are the main topics in this paper. The paper reveals that these thoughts and concepts have been diversified and used as guiding principles by state elites, anti-state activists, and social reformists since the late 1980s. These people with such different political ideologies were connected through some key individuals. These critical connections networked them onto the same side for promoting communitarian thought in Thailand. When such leading advocates assumed key political positions, it was easy for them to push communitarian ideas into the guidelines and principles of state administration.

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    File URL: http://ir.ide.go.jp/dspace/bitstream/2344/1252/1/ARRIDE_Discussion_No.423_shigetomi.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2013
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) in its series IDE Discussion Papers with number 423.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2013
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    Publication status: Published in IDE Discussion Paper. No. 423. 2013.7
    Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper423

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    Related research

    Keywords: Thailand; Community; Sociology; Social movements; Communitarianism; Political sociology;

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

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    1. Rigg, Jonathan, 1991. "Grass-roots development in rural Thailand: A lost cause?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 19(2-3), pages 199-211.
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