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Is the Vietnamese garment industry at a turning point? : upgrading from the export to the domestic market

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  • Goto, Kenta

Abstract

Vietnam’s garment industry has been loosely characterized by the duality based on market orientation: export and domestic. Export-oriented garment suppliers were typically SOEs and foreign invested firms, while those producing for the domestic market have been mostly small, private companies. With a booming economy, other industrial sectors have emerged, and the garment industry is no longer the sector most favored by workers. Wage rates have been increasing, and a supplier’s ability to cope with this through successful upgrading has been the key determinant of whether it can further grow and flourish. Those who fail to cope are finding themselves in an increasingly difficult position. This paper looks at both the export- and domestic-oriented garment suppliers, and attempts to highlight how the industry can further develop by examining the bottlenecks that vary depending on the type of supplier. It suggests that in the long run, upgrading and value addition in the domestic market will be the key strategy.

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File URL: http://ir.ide.go.jp/dspace/bitstream/2344/1256/1/ARRIDE_Discussion_No.373_goto.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) in its series IDE Discussion Papers with number 373.

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Date of creation: Dec 2012
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Publication status: Published in IDE Discussion Paper. No. 373. 2012.12
Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper373

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Related research

Keywords: Vietnam; Apparel industry; Textile industry; Garment; Global value chains; Upgrading;

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References

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  1. Griliches, Zvi & Regev, Haim, 1995. "Firm productivity in Israeli industry 1979-1988," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 175-203, January.
  2. Kenta Goto, 2013. "Starting Businesses Through Reciprocal Informal Subcontracting: Evidence From The Informal Garment Industry In Ho Chi Minh City," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(4), pages 562-582, 05.
  3. Khalid Nadvi & John T. Thoburn & Bui Tat Thang & Nguyen Thi Thanh Ha & Nguyen Thi Hoa & Dao Hong Le & Enrique Blanco De Armas, 2004. "Vietnam in the global garment and textile value chain: impacts on firms and workers," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(1), pages 111-123.
  4. Hill, Hal, 2000. "Export Success Against the Odds: A Vietnamese Case Study," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 283-300, February.
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