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Young women's economic daily lives in rural Ethiopia

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  • Kodama, Yuka

Abstract

In rural Ethiopia, livelihood diversification is essential for households to be able to sustain themselves. Declining agricultural profits and a land shortage have accelerated this diversification. While the past literature has ignored young women's economic contributions in its discussions about livelihood diversification, this research indicates that the current rapid educational expansion for girls has changed their economic role in their households. This has resulted in changes in the conventional life courses of women in rural Ethiopia as they have more choices in terms of education, marriage, and the types and location of their economic activities, due to the increasing importance of young women's economic contributions to their households and their improved educational opportunities. The aim of this paper is to elucidate how the economic environment and government educational policy have affected young women's lives in terms of education, marriage, economic activities, and intra-household power relationships, especially with their parents.

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File URL: http://ir.ide.go.jp/dspace/bitstream/2344/1137/1/ARRIDE_Discussion_No.344_kodama.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) in its series IDE Discussion Papers with number 344.

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Date of creation: Mar 2012
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Publication status: Published in IDE Discussion Paper. No. 344. 2012.3
Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper344

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Keywords: Ethiopia; Female labor; Women; Rural societies; Household;

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References

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  1. Lanjouw, Jean O. & Lanjouw, Peter, 2001. "The rural non-farm sector: issues and evidence from developing countries," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 26(1), pages 1-23, October.
  2. Jayne, Thomas S. & Negassa, Asfaw & Myers, Robert J., 1998. "The Effect of Liberalization on Grain Prices and Marketing Margins in Ethiopia," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54681, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  3. Barrett, C. B. & Reardon, T. & Webb, P., 2001. "Nonfarm income diversification and household livelihood strategies in rural Africa: concepts, dynamics, and policy implications," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 315-331, August.
  4. Jolly, Richard, 1991. "Adjustment with a human face: A UNICEF record and perspective on the 1980s," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 19(12), pages 1807-1821, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Kodama, Yuka, 2013. "Relationship between young women and parents in rural Ethiopia," IDE Discussion Papers 404, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).

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