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The Granger-Causality between Transportation and GDP: A Panel Data Approach

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Author Info

  • Mehmet Aldonat Beyzatlar

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Izmir University of Economics)

  • Müge Karacal

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Izmir University of Economics)

  • Ý. Hakan Yetkiner

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Izmir University of Economics)

Abstract

This study investigates the Granger-causality relationship between real per capita GDP and transportation of EU-15 countries using a panel data set covering the period 1970-2008. Our findings indicate that the dominant type of Granger-causality is bidirectional. Accordingly, we conclude that care must be paid in defining the dependent and independent variables when studying the relationship between transportation and income. Instances of one-way or no Granger-causality were found to correspond with countries with the lowest income per capita ranks in 1970 and/or in 2008, including Portugal, Greece and Italy. We speculate that bi-directional Granger causality between income and transportation is observed only after an economy has completed its transition in terms of economic development.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Izmir University of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1203.

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Length: 16 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:izm:wpaper:1203

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Keywords: Granger-causality; Transportation; Income;

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