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Mobilitätspolitik in Europa

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  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    ()
    (IZA, DIW Berlin and Bonn University)

Abstract

Das Papier erläutert die Bedeutung der Arbeitsmobilität für die Verbesserung der Allokation und der Verteilung der volkswirtschaftlichen Ressourcen. Angesichts eines steigenden Fachkräftemangels bei wachsender Tendenz zur Arbeitslosigkeit unter gering Qualifizierten bleibt neben der Bildungspolitik die Anwerbung internationaler und europäischer Fachkräfte eine zentrale politische Gestaltungsaufgabe für die Zukunft. Zusätzliche Fachkräfte bringen Wohlstand und bauen wirtschaftliche Ungleichheit ab. Die internen europäischen Mobilitätsbarrieren werden schwer zu durchbrechen sein. Eine bessere Transparenz der europäischen Arbeitsmärkte, bessere Sprachkenntnisse und eine Standardisierung der sozialen Sicherungssysteme können die Mobilität stärken. Der Schlüssel zur Mobilität liegt aber bei einer stärkeren Einbindung internationaler Arbeitsmigranten in den europäischen Migrationsprozess, der durch zirkuläre Wanderungen gestärkt werden kann. Die europäische Bluecard und die Öffnung der Arbeitsmärkte für in Europa ausgebildete ausländische Hochschulabsolventen könnten neue Akzente setzen.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Standpunkte with number 7.

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Length: 10 pages
Date of creation: May 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp7

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Related research

Keywords: Mobilität; demographischer Wandel; Fachkräftemangel; Arbeitsmigration;

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References

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  1. Bonin, Holger & Eichhorst, Werner & Florman, Christer & Hansen, Mette Okkels & Skiöld, Lena & Stuhler, Jan & Tatsiramos, Konstantinos & Thomasen, Henrik & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2008. "Report No. 19: Geographic Mobility in the European Union: Optimising its Economic and Social Benefits," IZA Research Reports 19, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Klaus Zimmermann, 2005. "European Labour Mobility: Challenges and Potentials," De Economist, Springer, vol. 153(4), pages 425-450, December.
  3. Zaiceva, Anzelika & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2008. "Scale, Diversity, and Determinants of Labour Migration in Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 3595, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Bauer, T. & Zimmermann, K., 1995. "Integrating the East: The Labor Market Effects of Immigration," Papers 5, American Institute for Contemporary German Studies-.
  5. Karl Brenke & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2007. "Zuwanderungen aus Mittel- und Osteuropa trotz Arbeitsmarktbarrieren deutlich gestiegen," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 74(44), pages 645-653.
  6. Black,Stanley W., 1997. "Europe's Economy Looks East," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521572422, April.
  7. Faini, Riccardo & Galli, Giampaolo & Gennari, Pietro & Rossi, Fulvio, 1997. "An empirical puzzle: Falling migration and growing unemployment differentials among Italian regions," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 571-579, April.
  8. Kahanec, Martin & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2008. "International Migration, Ethnicity and Economic Inequality," IZA Discussion Papers 3450, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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