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Zuwanderung, Demografie und Arbeitsmarkt: Fakten statt Vorbehalte

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Author Info

  • Hinte, Holger

    ()
    (IZA)

  • Rinne, Ulf

    ()
    (IZA)

  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    ()
    (IZA and University of Bonn)

Abstract

Die öffentliche Debatte um Zuwanderung und Integration wird auch heute, ein halbes Jahrhundert nach dem Beginn der neueren Immigrationsgeschichte der Bundesrepublik, noch oft unsachlich geführt. Über die durchweg positiven Erfahrungen mit den ökonomischen Zusammenhängen von Migration, Arbeitsmarkt und Sozialstaat ist zu wenig allgemein bekannt, ebenso über die Vorteilhaftigkeit einer bedarfsorientierten Steuerung der Zuwanderung. Stattdessen finden populistische Thesen rund um eine vermeintlich zum Scheitern verurteilte Zuwandererintegration Widerhall, während zugleich eine ökonomische Kurskorrektur der Zuwanderungspolitik vielfach Skepsis hervorruft. Dieser Beitrag greift verbreitete Vorbehalte gegen Zuwanderung auf und widerlegt sie im Licht internationaler wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse. Eine gezielte Öffentlichkeitsarbeit „pro“ Zuwanderung kann und muss Vorbehalten durch klare Fakten begegnen. Dabei sollte dreierlei verdeutlicht werden: (1) Zuwanderung qualifizierter Arbeitskräfte bringt generell klare ökonomische Vorteile. (2) Obwohl in Deutschland bislang eher passiv hingenommen denn aktiv gestaltet, fällt auch die Bilanz für die jüngere deutsche Zuwanderungsgeschichte per Saldo günstig aus. (3) Mit den Mitteln einer aktiven und dabei steuernden Zuwanderungspolitik kann dafür gesorgt werden, dass künftig die Arbeitsmarktbelange bei der Entscheidung über Einwanderungsgenehmigungen stärker Beachtung finden. Dies wird die Wohlfahrtsvorteile durch Zuwanderung weiter vergrößern und ist ein wichtiges Fundament für eine noch größere Akzeptanz der Migranten in unserer Gesellschaft.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Standpunkte with number 37.

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Length: 16 pages
Date of creation: May 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: forthcoming in: Migration und Integration – Wo stehen wir in Deutschland?, Frankfurt/Main: Campus, 2012
Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp37

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Postal: IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
Phone: +49 228 3894 223
Fax: +49 228 3894 180
Web page: http://www.iza.org

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Postal: IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
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Related research

Keywords: Demografischer Wandel; Punktesystem; Auswahlverfahren für Zuwanderer; Ungleichheit; Integration; Arbeitsmigration; Zuwanderungspolitik;

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References

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  1. Constant, Amelie F. & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2009. "Migration, Ethnicity and Economic Integration," IZA Discussion Papers 4620, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. E Berman & J Bound & Stephen Machin, 1997. "Implications of Skill-Biased Technological Change: International Evidence," CEP Discussion Papers dp0367, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  3. Corrado Giulietti & Martin Guzi & Martin Kahanec & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2013. "Unemployment benefits and immigration: evidence from the EU," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 34(1), pages 24-38, January.
  4. Riphahn, Regina, 1999. "Immigrant Participation in Social Assistance Programs: Evidence from German Guestworkers," CEPR Discussion Papers 2318, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Hinte, Holger & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2010. "Agenda Zuwanderung: Zehn-Punkte-Aktionsplan des IZA für gesteuerte Arbeitsmigration und bessere Integration," IZA Standpunkte 32, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Giovanni Peri & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2006. "Rethinking the Effects of Immigration on Wages," Working Papers 634, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  7. Kahanec, Martin & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2008. "Migration in an Enlarged EU: A Challenging Solution?," IZA Discussion Papers 3913, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Rinne, Ulf & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2009. "Fünf Jahre EU-Ostererweiterung: Schlechte Noten für deutsche Abschottungspolitik," IZA Standpunkte 14, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano & Giovanni Peri, 2006. "The economic value of cultural diversity: evidence from US cities," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(1), pages 9-44, January.
  10. Rinne, Ulf & Schüller, Simone & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2010. "Ethnische Vielfalt und Arbeitsmarkterfolg," IZA Standpunkte 34, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Kaas, Leo & Manger, Christian, 2010. "Ethnic Discrimination in Germany's Labour Market: A Field Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 4741, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Amelie Constant & Klaus Zimmermann, 2011. "Circular and Repeat Migration: Counts of Exits and Years Away from the Host Country," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 30(4), pages 495-515, August.
  13. Constant, Amelie & Gataullina, Liliya & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2006. "Ethnosizing Immigrants," CEPR Discussion Papers 5636, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  14. Chiswick, Barry R., 2009. "Top Ten Myths and Fallacies Regarding Immigration," IZA Policy Papers 12, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  15. Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2011. "Migration und Integration: Deutschland als Einwanderungsland - "... denn ihr seid selbst Fremde in Ägypten gewesen"," IZA Standpunkte 35, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  16. Constant, Amelie F. & Nottmeyer, Olga & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2009. "Cultural Integration in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 4675, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  17. Holger Hinte & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2010. "Mehr ökonomische Rationalität in der Zuwanderungspolitik," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(1), pages 85-100.
  18. Kahanec, Martin & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2008. "International Migration, Ethnicity and Economic Inequality," IZA Discussion Papers 3450, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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Cited by:
  1. Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2013. "Reflexionen zur Zukunft der Arbeit," IZA Standpunkte 56, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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