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Gender and Racial Discrimination in Hiring: A Pseudo Audit Study for Three Selected Occupations in Metropolitan Lima

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  • Moreno, Martin

    ()
    (GRADE)

  • Nopo, Hugo

    ()
    (Inter-American Development Bank)

  • Saavedra, Jaime

    ()
    (World Bank)

  • Torero, Maximo

    ()
    (International Food Policy Research Institute)

Abstract

In this paper, we adapt the audit studies methodology to analyze gender and racial differences in hiring for a particular segment of the market of three selected occupations in Metropolitan Lima: salespersons, secretaries and (accounting and administrative) assistants. The adapted pseudo-audit study methodology allows us to reduce the room for existence of statistical discrimination. The results suggest the existence of no significant differences in hiring rates for different gender-race groups but some systematic (and significant) differences in the aimed wages of the individuals in their job search processes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 979.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as 'Detecting Gender and Racial Discrimination in Hiring through Monitoring Intermediation Services: The Case of Selected Occupations in Metropolitan Lima, Peru ' in: World Development, 2012, 40 (2), 315-328.
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp979

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Keywords: occupational segregation; field experiments; discrimination;

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  1. Mortensen, Dale T & Pissarides, Christopher A, 1994. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in the Theory of Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 397-415, July.
  2. Kenneth Y. Chay, 1998. "The Impact of federal civil rights policy on black economic progress: Evidence from the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 51(4), pages 608-632, July.
  3. Nopo, Hugo & Saavedra, Jaime & Torero, Maximo, 2004. "Ethnicity and Earnings in Urban Peru," IZA Discussion Papers 980, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. James J. Heckman, 1998. "Detecting Discrimination," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 101-116, Spring.
  5. Blau, Francine D & Kahn, Lawrence M, 1996. "International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(4), pages 791-836, August.
  6. John Yinger, 1998. "Evidence on Discrimination in Consumer Markets," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 23-40, Spring.
  7. Peter Gottschalk, 1997. "Inequality, Income Growth, and Mobility: The Basic Facts," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 21-40, Spring.
  8. Jane Waldfogel, 1998. "Understanding the "Family Gap" in Pay for Women with Children," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 12(1), pages 137-156, Winter.
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Cited by:
  1. Harry Anthony Patrinos & Emmanuel Skoufias, 2007. "Economic Opportunities for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America : Conference Edition," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8019, The World Bank.
  2. Patrinos, Harry Anthony & Skoufias, Emmanuel & Lunde, Trine, 2007. "Indigenous peoples in Latin America : economic opportunities and social networks," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4227, The World Bank.
  3. Alberto Chong & Hugo Ñopo, 2007. "Discrimination in Latin America: An Elephant in the Room?," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4536, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  4. World Bank, 2011. "Poverty and Social Exclusion in India," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2289, August.
  5. Alberto Chong & Hugo Ñopo, 2007. "Discriminación en América Latina: Eso que (casi) todos vemos? (Discrimination in Latin America: An Elephant in the Room?)," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4537, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  6. Dante Contreras Guajardo & Diana kruger & Marcelo Ochoa & Daniela Zapata, 2007. "The role of social networks in employment outcomes of Bolivian women," Working Papers, University of Chile, Department of Economics wp251, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  7. Dante Contreras & Daniela Zapata & Diana Kruger & Marcelo Ochoa, 2007. "El papel de las redes sociales en las oportunidades económicas de las mujeres de Bolivia," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 3241, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  8. Dante Contreras & Daniela Zapata & Diana Kruger & Marcelo Ochoa, 2007. "The Role of Social Networks in the Economic Opportunities of Bolivian Women," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 3240, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  9. Francisco Galarza & Liuba Kogan & Gustavo Yamada, 2011. "¿Existe discriminación en el mercado laboral de Lima Metropolitana? Un análisis experimental," Working Papers, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico 11-15, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised Dec 2011.

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