Creating Low Skilled Jobs by Subsidizing Market-Contracted Household Work
AbstractWe analyze the determinants of household work contracted in the German shadow economy. The German socio-economic household panel, which enumerates casual domestic employment, is used to estimate the demand for such household work. The regressors include regional wage rates, household income and several control variables for household composition. We find that the demand for household work in the shadow economy is very income elastic. This suggests that targeted wage subsidies, linked to household work agencies, would be very effective in raising the legal demand for domestic help. A wage subsidy of 50% of wage costs could thus establish up to 500,000 new jobs for previously unemployed or non-working low skilled workers. The net fiscal costs of such a scheme are about 6.200 Euro per full-time job. In addition, society benefits from more law enforcement and from a raised female labor supply, especially by highly qualified mothers.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 958.
Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Applied Economics, 2006, 38 (8), 899-911
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Other versions of this item:
- Tilman Bruck & John P. Haisken-De New & Klaus Zimmermann, 2006. "Creating low skilled jobs by subsidizing market-contracted household work," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(8), pages 899-911.
- Brück, Tilman & Haisken-DeNew, John P & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2004. "Creating Low-Skilled Jobs by Subsidising Market-Contracted Household Work," CEPR Discussion Papers 4225, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Tilman Brück & John P. Haisken-DeNew & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2003. "Creating Low Skilled Jobs by Subsidising Market-Contracted Household Work," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 387, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
- D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
- H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
- J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
- K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-01-08 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAW-2004-01-08 (Law & Economics)
- NEP-PBE-2004-01-08 (Public Economics)
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