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Individual Mortality and Macro-Economic Conditions from Birth to Death

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  • Lindeboom, Maarten

    ()
    (VU University Amsterdam)

  • Portrait, France

    ()
    (VU University Amsterdam)

  • van den Berg, Gerard J.

    ()
    (University of Mannheim)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects of macro-economic conditions throughout life on the individual mortality rate. We estimate flexible duration models where the individual’s mortality rate depends on current conditions, conditions earlier in life (notably during childhood), calendar time, age, individual characteristics, including individual socio-economic indicators, and interaction terms. We use individual data records from Dutch registers of birth, marriage, and death certificates, covering an observation window of unprecedented size (1812-1999). These are merged with historical data on macro-economic and health indicators. The results indicate a strong effect of macro-economic conditions during childhood on mortality at all ages. Those who are born in bad times on average have a high mortality rate throughout life, in particular during childhood itself and at ages above 50. Current macro-economic conditions mostly have an effect on youths and on the elderly.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 930.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as: 'Economic Conditions Early in Life and Individual Mortality' in: American Economic Review, 2006, 96 (1), 290-302
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp930

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Keywords: lifetimes; life expectancy; longevity; health; recession; death; business cycle; epidemics;

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References

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  1. Diane Macunovich, 1999. "The Fortune of One's Birth: Relative Cohort Size and the Youth Labor Market in the United States," Center for Policy Research Working Papers, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University 6, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University.
  2. Abbring, Jaap H & van den Berg, Gerard J & van Ours, Jan C, 1995. "The Anatomy of Unemployment Dynamics," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1202, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Pritchett, Lant & Summers, Lawrence H., 1993. "Wealthier is healthier," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 1150, The World Bank.
  4. Orazio P. Attanasio & Carl Emmerson, 2001. "Differential Mortality in the UK," NBER Working Papers 8241, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Christine Himes, 1994. "Age patterns of mortality and cause-of-death structures in Sweden, Japan, and the United States," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 31(4), pages 633-650, November.
  6. Christopher J. Ruhm, 2000. "Are Recessions Good For Your Health?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 115(2), pages 617-650, May.
  7. Van den Berg, Gerard J., 2000. "Duration Models: Specification, Identification, and Multiple Durations," MPRA Paper 9446, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. David Cutler & Ellen Meara, 2001. "Changes in the Age Distribution of Mortality Over the 20th Century," NBER Working Papers 8556, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Kevin M. Murphy & Robert H. Topel, 2006. "The Value of Health and Longevity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 114(5), pages 871-904, October.
  10. Frank Lichtenberg, 2000. "Sources of U.S. Longevity Increase, 1960 -1997," CESifo Working Paper Series 405, CESifo Group Munich.
  11. Anne Case & Angela Fertig & Christina Paxson, 2003. "From Cradle to Grave? The Lasting Impact of Childhood Health and Circumstance," NBER Working Papers 9788, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Gabriele Doblhammer, 2003. "The late life legacy of very early life," MPIDR Working Papers, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany WP-2003-030, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
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Cited by:
  1. Cutler, David & Lleras-Muney, Adriana & Deaton, Angus, 2006. "The Determinants of Mortality," Scholarly Articles 2640588, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  2. Bhalotra, Sonia, 2006. "Childhood Mortality and Economic Growth," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) RP2006/79, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  3. Aakvik, Arild & Holmås, Tor Helge, 2004. "The Relationship Between Economic Conditions, Access to Health Care, and Health Outcomes," Working Papers in Economics, University of Bergen, Department of Economics 06/04, University of Bergen, Department of Economics.
  4. Pierre-Carl Michaud & Arthur van Soest, 2004. "Health and Wealth of Elderly Couples: Causality Tests Using Dynamic Panel Data Models," Working Papers, RAND Corporation Publications Department 191, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
  5. Charles Kenny, 2009. "There's more to life than money: Exploring the levels|growth paradox in income and health," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(1), pages 24-41.
  6. Norma B. Coe & Gema Zamarro, 2008. "Retirement Effects on Health in Europe," Working Papers, RAND Corporation Publications Department 588, RAND Corporation Publications Department.

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