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Forty Years of Immigrant Segregation in France, 1968-2007: How Different Is the New Immigration?

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  • Pan Ké Shon, Jean-Louis

    ()
    (CREST-LSQ)

  • Verdugo, Gregory

    ()
    (Bank of France)

Abstract

Analysing restricted access census data, this paper examines the long-term trends of immigrant segregation in France from 1968 to 2007. Similar to other European countries, France experienced a rise in the proportion of immigrants in its population that was characterised by a new predominance of non-European immigration. Despite this, average segregation levels remained moderate. While the number of immigrant enclaves increased, particularly during the 2000s, the average concentration for most groups decreased because of a reduction of heavily concentrated census tracts and census tracts with few immigrants. Contradicting frequent assertions, neither mono-ethnic census tract nor ghettoes exist in France. By contrast, many immigrants live in census tracts characterised by a low proportion of immigrants from their own group and from all origins. A long residential period in France is correlated with lower concentrations and proportion of immigrants in the census tract for most groups, though these effects are sometimes modest.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 8062.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8062

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Keywords: immigration; spatial segregation; France;

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  1. Gregory Verdugo, 2011. "Fragmentation urbaine et chocs économiques : deux déterminants de l’offre de logements sociaux en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 446(1), pages 3-24.
  2. David M. Cutler & Edward L. Glaeser & Jacob L. Vigdor, 2005. "Is the Melting Pot Still Hot? Explaining the Resurgence of Immigrant Segregation," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 2071, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  3. Ran Abramitzky & Leah Platt Boustan & Katherine Eriksson, 2010. "Europe's tired, poor, huddled masses: Self-selection and economic outcomes in the age of mass migration," NBER Working Papers 15684, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Verdugo, Gregory, 2011. "Public Housing and Residential Segregation of Immigrants in France, 1968-1999," IZA Discussion Papers 5456, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Jean-Louis Pan Ké Shon, 2010. "The Ambivalent Nature of Ethnic Segregation in France’s Disadvantaged Neighbourhoods," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 47(8), pages 1603-1623, July.
  6. Borjas, George J, 1985. "Assimilation, Changes in Cohort Quality, and the Earnings of Immigrants," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(4), pages 463-89, October.
  7. Ã…slund, Olof & Rooth, Dan-Olof, 2003. "Do when and where matter? Initial labor market conditions and immigrant earnings," Working Paper Series, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy 2003:7, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  8. Zorlu, Aslan & Latten, Jan, 2007. "Ethnic Sorting in the Netherlands," IZA Discussion Papers 3155, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Zorlu, Aslan & Mulder, Clara H., 2010. "Location Choices of Migrant Nest-Leavers: Spatial Assimilation or Continued Segregation?," IZA Discussion Papers 5141, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Carrington, William J & Troske, Kenneth R, 1997. "On Measuring Segregation in Samples with Small Units," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 15(4), pages 402-09, October.
  11. Ludi Simpson, 2007. "Ghettos of the mind: the empirical behaviour of indices of segregation and diversity," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 170(2), pages 405-424.
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