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The Slump and Immigration Policy in Europe

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  • Hatton, Timothy J.

    ()
    (University of Essex)

Abstract

Historical experience suggests that when a period of rising immigration is followed by a sudden slump, this can trigger a policy backlash. This has not occurred in the current recession. This paper examines three links in the chain between the slump and immigration policy. First, although immigration flows have responded to the slump, and immigrants have borne more than their share of the burden, this has done little to protect the employment of non-immigrants. Second, despite the recession for Europe as a whole, attitudes to immigration have not changed very much, and they have been influenced more by fiscal concerns than by rising unemployment. Third, while far right parties have used the recession to renew the political pressure for tougher immigration policies, governments have been constrained by the composition of immigration and by EU regulation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7985.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2014
Date of revision:
Publication status: forthcoming in P. Bevelander and B. Petersson (eds.) Crisis and Migration: Implications of the Eurozone crisis for perceptions, politics, and policies of migration, Nordic Academic Press.
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7985

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Keywords: European immigration; recession; immigration policy;

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  1. Kevin H. O'Rourke & Richard Sinnott, 2004. "The Determinants of Individual Attitudes Towards Immigration," Trinity Economics Papers 20042, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  2. Jakub Cerveny & Jan Ours, 2013. "Unemployment of Non-Western Immigrants in the Great Recession," De Economist, Springer, vol. 161(4), pages 463-480, December.
  3. Tito Boeri, 2009. "Immigration to the Land of Redistribution," Europe in Question Discussion Paper Series of the London School of Economics (LEQs) 5, London School of Economics / European Institute.
  4. Hatton, Timothy J. & Williamson, Jeffrey G., 1998. "The Age of Mass Migration: Causes and Economic Impact," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195116519.
  5. Dustmann, Christian & Glitz, Albrecht & Vogel, Thorsten, 2009. "Employment, Wages, and the Economic Cycle: Differences between Immigrants and Natives," IZA Discussion Papers 4432, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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