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On the Escalation and De-Escalation of Conflict

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Author Info

  • Lacomba, Juan A.

    ()
    (Universidad de Granada)

  • Lagos, Francisco

    ()
    (Universidad de Granada)

  • Reuben, Ernesto

    ()
    (Columbia University)

  • van Winden, Frans

    ()
    (University of Amsterdam)

Abstract

We introduce three variations of the Hirshleifer-Skaperdas conflict game to study experimentally the effects of post-conflict behavior and repeated interaction on the allocation of effort between production and appropriation. Without repeated interaction, destruction of resources by defeated players can lead to lower appropriative efforts and higher overall efficiency. With repeated interaction, appropriative efforts are considerably reduced because some groups manage to avoid fighting altogether, often after substantial initial conflict. To attain peace, players must first engage in costly signaling by making themselves vulnerable and by forgoing the possibility to appropriate the resources of defeated opponents.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7492.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: forthcoming in: Games and Economic Behavior, 2014
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7492

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Keywords: escalation; peace; appropriation; rent-seeking; tournaments; conflict; contests;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Reuben, Ernesto & Suetens, Sigrid, 2009. "Revisiting Strategic versus Non-Strategic Cooperation," IZA Discussion Papers 4107, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Erik O. Kimbrough & Jared Rubin & Roman M. Sheremeta & Timothy Shields, 2013. "Commitment Problems in Conflict Resolution," Working Papers 13-11, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.
  3. Marianne Lumeau & David Masclet & Thierry Pénard, 2013. "Reputation and Social (Dis)approval in Feedback Mechanisms: An Experimental study," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201343, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.

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