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Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination

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Author Info

  • Feld, Jan

    ()
    (Maastricht University)

  • Salamanca, Nicolas

    ()
    (Maastricht University)

  • Hamermesh, Daniel S.

    ()
    (University of Texas at Austin, Royal Holloway)

Abstract

The immense literature on discrimination treats outcomes as relative: One group suffers compared to another. But does a difference arise because agents discriminate against others – are exophobic – or because they favor their own kind – are endophilic? This difference matters, as the relative importance of the types of discrimination and their inter-relation affect market outcomes. Using a field experiment in which graders at one university were randomly assigned students' exams that did or did not contain the students' names, on average we find favoritism but no discrimination by nationality, and neither favoritism nor discrimination by gender, findings that are robust to a wide variety of potential concerns. We observe heterogeneity in both discrimination and favoritism by nationality and by gender in the distributions of graders' preferences. We show that a changing correlation between endophilia and exophobia can generate perverse predictions for observed market discrimination.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7380.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: May 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7380

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Related research

Keywords: favoritism; discrimination; field experiment; wage differentials; economics of education;

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References

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  1. Wiji Arulampalam & Alison Booth & Mark L. Bryan, 2006. "Is There a Glass Ceiling over Europe? Exploring the Gender Pay Gap across the Wages Distribution," CEPR Discussion Papers 510, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
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  11. Giuliano, Laura & Levine, David I. & Leonard, Jonathan, 2009. "Racial Bias in the Manager-Employee Relationship: An Analysis of Quits, Dismissals, and Promotions at a Large Retail Firm," Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, Working Paper Series qt8pm012h0, Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination
    by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2014-05-30 20:36:34

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