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Post-Socialist Transition and the Intergenerational Transmission of Education in Kyrgyzstan

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  • Brück, Tilman

    ()
    (SIPRI)

  • Esenaliev, Damir

    ()
    (SIPRI)

Abstract

We investigate long-term trends in the intergenerational transmission of education in a low income country undergoing a transition from socialism to a market economy. We draw on evidence from Kyrgyzstan using data from three household surveys collected in 1993, 1998 and 2011. We find that Kyrgyzstan, like Eastern European middle income transition economies, generally maintained high educational mobility, comparable to the levels during Soviet times. However, we find that the younger cohorts, who were exposed to the transition during their school years, experienced a rapid decline in educational mobility. We also document that gender differences in schooling and educational mobility, found among older-aged individuals, disappeared in the younger population.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7318.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7318

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Keywords: gender; educational attainment; intergenerational mobility; transition economy; Kyrgyzstan; Central Asia;

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  1. Atkinson,Anthony Barnes & Micklewright,John, 1992. "Economic Transformation in Eastern Europe and the Distribution of Income," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521438827.
  2. Spagat, Michael, 2002. "Human Capital and the Future of Transition Economies," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3517, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Brück, Tilman & Danzer, Alexander M. & Muravyev, Alexander & Weisshaar, Natalia, 2010. "Poverty during transition: Household survey evidence from Ukraine," Munich Reprints in Economics, University of Munich, Department of Economics 19991, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  4. Mihails Hazans & Ija Trapeznikova & Olga Rastrigina, 2008. "Ethnic and parental effects on schooling outcomes before and during the transition: evidence from the Baltic countries," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 719-749, July.
  5. Tom Hertz & Tamara Jayasundera & Patrizio Piraino & Sibel Selcuk & Nicole Smith & Alina Verashchagina, 2007. "The Inheritance of Educational Inequality: International Comparisons and Fifty-Year Trends," Working Papers, American University, Department of Economics 2007-013, American University, Department of Economics.
  6. Branko Milanovic, 1999. "Explaining the increase in inequality during transition," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 7(2), pages 299-341, July.
  7. Rafis Abazov, 1999. "Economic Migration in Post-Soviet Central Asia: The Case of Kyrgyzstan," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(2), pages 237-252.
  8. Hertz, Tom & Meurs, Mieke & Selcuk, Sibel, 2009. "The Decline in Intergenerational Mobility in Post-Socialism: Evidence from the Bulgarian Case," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 739-752, March.
  9. Dan Andrews & Andrew Leigh, 2008. "More Inequality, Less Social Mobility," CEPR Discussion Papers 566, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  10. Jo Blanden, 2013. "Cross-Country Rankings In Intergenerational Mobility: A Comparison Of Approaches From Economics And Sociology," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(1), pages 38-73, 02.
  11. Fan, Chengze Simon & Overland, Jody & Spagat, Michael, 1999. "Human Capital, Growth, and Inequality in Russia," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 618-643, December.
  12. Brück, Tilman & Esenaliev, Damir & Kroeger, Antje & Kudebayeva, Alma & Mirkasimov, Bakhrom & Steiner, Susan, 2012. "Household Survey Data for Research on Well-Being and Behavior in Central Asia," IZA Discussion Papers 7055, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  13. Mitra, Pradeep & Yemtsov, Ruslan, 2006. "Increasing inequality in transition economies : is there more to come?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4007, The World Bank.
  14. Roman Mogilevsky, 2011. "Public Expenditures on Education and Health in the Kyrgyz Republic before and during the Global Crisis," CASE Network Reports 0097, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
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