The Effect of Migration and Spatial Connectivity on Regional Skill Endowments across Europe: 1988-2010
AbstractThis paper investigates the effects of labour migration and openness to trade on regional skill endowments across the European Union at a time of increased economic integration. Using regional data from Eurostat's Regio database and the open web source Openflight for the period 1998-2010 we test whether the spatial concentration of skills has increased or decreased over time. We account for neighboring effects associated with both geographic proximity and links through civilian flights using a random spatial effect model. We find that migration contributes to convergence in regional skill endowments across member states, particularly at the Southern and Eastern periphery of the European Union. We also find that inter-regional connectivity through civilian flights has much stronger effects on the evolution of a region's skill endowment than geographic contiguity.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7292.
Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2013
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-04-06 (All new papers)
- NEP-EUR-2013-04-06 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-GEO-2013-04-06 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-MIG-2013-04-06 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-URE-2013-04-06 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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