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Early Life Adversity and Children's Competence Development: Evidence from the Mannheim Study of Children at Risk

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Author Info

  • Blomeyer, Dorothea

    ()
    (ZI Mannheim)

  • Coneus, Katja

    ()
    (ZEW Mannheim)

  • Laucht, Manfred

    ()
    (ZI Mannheim)

  • Pfeiffer, Friedhelm

    ()
    (ZEW Mannheim)

Abstract

This paper investigates the role of early life adversity and home resources in terms of competence formation and school achievement based on data from an epidemiological cohort study following 364 children from birth to adolescence. Results indicate that organic and psychosocial risks present in early life as well as the socio-emotional home environment are significant predictors for the formation of competencies. Competencies acquired at preschool age predict achievement at school age. A counterfactual analysis is performed to assess trade-offs in the timing of interventions in the early life cycle.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7216.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7216

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Related research

Keywords: initial risk matrix; socio-emotional and economic home resources; intelligence; persistence; peer relationship; school achievement;

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References

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  1. Blomeyer, Dorothea & Coneus, Katja & Laucht, Manfred & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2008. "Initial Risk Matrix, Home Resources, Ability Development and Children's Achievement," IZA Discussion Papers 3692, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Gernandt, Johannes & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2006. "Rising Wage Inequality in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-19, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  3. Heineck, Guido & Anger, Silke, 2010. "The returns to cognitive abilities and personality traits in Germany," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 535-546, June.
  4. Eva M. Berger & Frauke H. Peter & C. Katharina Spieß, 2010. "Wie hängen familiäre Veränderungen und das mütterliche Wohlbefinden mit der frühkindlichen Entwicklung zusammen?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(3), pages 27-44.
  5. Kosse, Fabian & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2012. "Impatience among preschool children and their mothers," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 115(3), pages 493-495.
  6. Verónica Amarante & Marco Manacorda & Edward Miguel & Andrea Vigorito, 2011. "Do Cash Transfers Improve Birth Outcomes? Evidence from Matched Vital Statistics, Social Security and Program Data," NBER Working Papers 17690, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. James Heckman & Flavio Cunha, 2007. "The Technology of Skill Formation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 31-47, May.
  8. Alexander M. Gelber & Adam Isen, 2011. "Children’s Schooling and Parents’ Investment in Children: Evidence from the Head Start Impact Study," NBER Working Papers 17704, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reuß, Karsten, 2007. "Age-dependent Skill Formation and Returns to Education," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-015, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  10. Flavio Cunha & James Heckman & Susanne Schennach, 2010. "Estimating the Technology of Cognitive and Noncognitive Skill Formation," NBER Working Papers 15664, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Björn Bartling & Ernst Fehr & Barbara Fische & Fabian Kosse & Michel Maréchal & Friedhelm Pfeiffer & Daniel Schunk & Jürgen Schupp & C. Katharina Spieß & Gert G. Wagner, 2010. "Determinanten kindlicher Geduld – Ergebnisse einer Experimentalstudie im Haushaltskontext," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 130(3), pages 297-323.
  12. Petra E. Todd & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 2003. "On The Specification and Estimation of The Production Function for Cognitive Achievement," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(485), pages F3-F33, February.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Kamila Cygan-Rehm & Regina T. Riphan, 2014. "Teenage Pregnancies and Birth in Germany: Patterns and Developments," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 665, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  2. Kamila Cygan-Rehm & Regina T. Riphahn, 2014. "Teenage Pregnancies and Births in Germany: Patterns and Developments," CESifo Working Paper Series 4836, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Cygan-Rehm, Kamila & Riphahn, Regina, 2014. "Teenage pregnancies and births in Germany: Patterns and developments," IWQW Discussion Paper Series 05/2014, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institut für Wirtschaftspolitik und Quantitative Wirtschaftsforschung (IWQW).
  4. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reuss, Karsten , 2013. "Improving Educational Investments: A Welfare Analysis for Europe," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 13(3), pages 77-94.
  5. Cygan-Rehm, Kamila & Riphahn, Regina T., 2014. "Teenage Pregnancies and Births in Germany: Patterns and Developments," IZA Discussion Papers 8229, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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