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Genetic Diversity and the Origins of Cultural Fragmentation

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Author Info

  • Ashraf, Quamrul

    ()
    (Williams College)

  • Galor, Oded

    ()
    (Brown University)

Abstract

Despite the importance attributed to the effects of diversity on the stability and prosperity of nations, the origins of the uneven distribution of ethnic and cultural fragmentation across countries have been underexplored. Building on the role of deeply-rooted biogeographical forces in comparative development, this research empirically demonstrates that genetic diversity, predominantly determined during the prehistoric "out of Africa" migration of humans, is an underlying cause of various existing manifestations of ethnolinguistic heterogeneity. Further exploration of this uncharted territory may revolutionize the understanding of the effects of deeply-rooted factors on economic development and the composition of human capital across the globe.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7176.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, 2013, 103 (3), 528-533
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7176

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Keywords: development; fractionalization; genetic diversity;

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References

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  1. Fearon, James D, 2003. " Ethnic and Cultural Diversity by Country," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 195-222, June.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Genetic diversity, phenotypic diversity and the founder effect
    by Jason Collins in Evolving Economics on 2013-03-06 13:46:20
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Cited by:
  1. Enrico Spolaore & Romain Wacziarg, 2013. "Long-Term Barriers to Economic Development," NBER Working Papers 19361, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Alberto Alesina & Johann Harnoss & Hillel Rapoport, 2013. "Birthplace Diversity and Economic Prosperity," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1304, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  3. Casey, Gregory P. & Owen, Ann L., 2014. "Inequality and Fractionalization," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 32-50.
  4. Ager, Philipp & Brückner, Markus, 2013. "Immigrants' Genes: Genetic Diversity and Economic Development in the US," MPRA Paper 51906, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Elise S. Brezis & Verdier Thierry, 2014. "Geography, Economics and Political Systems: A Bird’s Eye View," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(1), pages 29-36, 04.
  6. repec:cge:warwcg:148 is not listed on IDEAS

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