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Like Father, Like Son? Intergenerational Education Mobility in India

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Author Info

  • Azam, Mehtabul

    ()
    (Oklahoma State University)

  • Bhatt, Vipul

    ()
    (James Madison University)

Abstract

An important constraint in studying intergenerational education mobility for India is the lack of data that contain information about parents' education for the entire adult population. This paper employs a novel strategy to create a unique father-son matched data that is representative of the entire adult male population in India. Using this father-son matched data, we study the extent of intergenerational mobility in educational attainment in India since 1940s and provide an estimate of how India ranks among other nations. We also document this mobility across social groups, and states in India. Finally, we investigate the evolution of mobility in educational attainment across the two generations and whether this trend differs across social groups and state boundaries. We find that there have been significant improvements in educational mobility across generations in India, at the aggregate level, across social groups, and across states. Although most of the Indian states have made significant progress over time, in terms of improved mobility, there remains significant variation across states with some states faring worse than the others.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6549.

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Length: 56 pages
Date of creation: May 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6549

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Keywords: intergenerational mobility; educational persistence; India;

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References

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  1. Sandra E. Black & Paul J. Devereux, 2010. "Recent Developments in Intergenerational Mobility," Working Papers 201025, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  2. Christian Daude, 2011. "Ascendance by Descendants?: On Intergenerational Education Mobility in Latin America," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 297, OECD Publishing.
  3. Jere R. Behrman & Alejandro Gaviria & Miguel Székely, 2001. "Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," JOURNAL OF LACEA ECONOMIA, LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
  4. Pirmin Fessler & Peter Mooslechner & Martin Schürz, 2012. "Intergenerational transmission of educational attainment in Austria," Empirica, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 65-86, February.
  5. Asadullah, Niaz & Yalonetzky, Gaston, 2010. "Inequality of Educational Opportunity in India: Changes over Time and across States," IZA Discussion Papers 5146, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. L. Alan Winters & Shahid Yusuf, 2007. "Dancing with the Giants: China, India, and the Global Economy," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6632, October.
  7. Ray, Jhilam & Majumder, Rajarshi, 2010. "Educational and occupational mobility across generations in India: social and regional dimensions," MPRA Paper 28539, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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Cited by:
  1. Ali Cheema & Muhammad Farooq Naseer, 2013. "Historical Inequality and Intergenerational Educational Mobility: The Dynamics of Change in Rural Punjab," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 18(Special E), pages 211-231, September.
  2. Azam, Mehtabul, 2013. "Intergenerational Occupational Mobility in India," IZA Discussion Papers 7608, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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