Spillovers from Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: Bolsa Família and Crime in Urban Brazil
AbstractThis paper investigates the impact of Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programs on crime. Making use of a unique dataset combining detailed school characteristics with time and geo-referenced crime information from the city of São Paulo, Brazil, we estimate the contemporaneous effect of the Bolsa Família program on crime. We address the endogeneity of CCT coverage by exploiting the 2008 expansion of the program to adolescents aged 16 and 17. We construct an instrument that combines the timing of expansion and the initial demographic composition of schools to identify plausibly exogenous variations in the number of children covered by Bolsa Família. We find a robust and significant negative impact of Bolsa Família coverage on crime. The evidence suggests that the main effect works through increased household income or changed peer group, rather than from incapacitation from time spent in school.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6371.
Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2012
Date of revision:
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Other versions of this item:
- Laura Chioda & João Manoel Pinho de Mello & Rodrigo R. Soares, 2012. "Spillovers from Conditional Cash Transfer Programs:Bolsa Família and Crime in Urban Brazil," Textos para discussÃ£o 599, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
- I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-03-08 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAM-2012-03-08 (Central & South America)
- NEP-URE-2012-03-08 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Blogosfera econÃ´mica brasileira pegando fogo
by Drunkeynesian in The Drunkeynesian on 2012-06-20 04:01:00
- A semana (18-24/06)
by Roberto Ushisima in Empresas e Mercados on 2012-06-24 23:07:00
- Crime rates and welfare payments in Brazil: a rancorous debate
by admin in Marcelo Ballvé on 2012-07-18 16:42:10
- Benjamin Crost & Joseph H. Felter & Patrick B. Johnston, 2014. "Conditional Cash Transfers, Civil Conflict and Insurgent Influence: Experimental Evidence from the Philippines," HiCN Working Papers 174, Households in Conflict Network.
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