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Rise to the Challenge or Not Give a Damn: Differential Performance in High vs. Low Stakes Tests

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Author Info

  • Attali, Yigal

    ()
    (ETS)

  • Neeman, Zvika

    ()
    (Tel Aviv University)

  • Schlosser, Analia

    ()
    (Tel Aviv University)

Abstract

This paper studies how different demographic groups respond to incentives by comparing performance in the GRE examination in "high" and "low" stakes situations. The high stakes situation is the real GRE examination and the low stakes situation is a voluntary experimental section of the GRE that examinees were invited to take immediately after they finished the real GRE exam. We show that males exhibit a larger difference in performance between the high and low stakes examinations than females, and that Whites exhibit a larger difference in performance between the high and low stakes examinations relative to Asians, Blacks, and Hispanics. We find that the larger differential performance between high and low stakes tests among men and whites can be partially explained by the lower level of effort invested by these groups in the low stake test.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5693.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: May 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5693

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Related research

Keywords: gender; competition; incentives; GRE; high stakes; low stakes; test score gap;

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  1. Marie-Claire Villeval & Nabanita Datta Gupta & Anders Poulsen, 2005. "Male and Female Competitive Behavior - Experimental Evidence," Working Papers 0512, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Université Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure.
  2. Örs, Evren & Palomino, Frédéric & Peyrache, Eloïc, 2008. "Performance Gender-Gap: Does Competition Matter?," CEPR Discussion Papers 6891, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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