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Public Housing and Residential Segregation of Immigrants in France, 1968-1999

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  • Verdugo, Gregory

    ()
    (Bank of France)

Abstract

This paper studies the evolution of the residential segregation of immigrants between and within urban areas in France from 1968 to 1999 using census data. During this period, European and non-European immigrant segregation followed diverging trends. This paper documents the large increase in public housing participation rates of non-European immigrants after 1980 and highlights how public housing participation is related to contemporary segregation. At the macro-geographical level, results indicate a decrease in the concentration of immigrants across urban areas, showing a lower concentration of non-European immigrants living in public housing across urban areas. Within cities, national origin segregation was predominant until 1968 for all groups and declined afterward, particularly for European immigrants. For non-European immigrants participating in public housing, the decline in segregation by national origin has been counterbalanced by an increase in regional segregation. Immigrants of different national origins have increasingly clustered in the same public housing neighborhoods. In 1999, immigrants in public housing experienced higher segregation levels than immigrants in private housing, particularly non-European immigrants. I find no relationship between differences in average arrival year and differences in segregation levels across immigrant groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5456.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Population, 2011, 66 (1), 169 - 193
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5456

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Keywords: segregation; immigration; public housing; France;

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References

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  1. David M. Cutler & Edward L. Glaeser & Jacob L. Vigdor, 2008. "Is the Melting Pot Still Hot? Explaining the Resurgence of Immigrant Segregation," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(3), pages 478-497, August.
  2. Abdurrahman Aydemir & George J. Borjas, 2010. "Attenuation Bias in Measuring the Wage Impact of Immigration," NBER Working Papers 16229, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Fryer, Roland & Echenique, Federico, 2007. "A Measure of Segregation Based on Social Interactions," Scholarly Articles 2958220, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  4. Sako Musterd & Roger Andersson & George Galster & Timo M Kauppinen, 2008. "Are immigrants’ earnings influenced by the characteristics of their neighbours?," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 40(4), pages 785-805, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Gregory Verdugo, 2011. "Fragmentation urbaine et chocs économiques : deux déterminants de l’offre de logements sociaux en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 446(1), pages 3-24.
  2. Pierre-Philippe Combes & Bruno Decreuse & Morgane Laouenan & Alain Trannoy, 2011. "Customer Discrimination and Employment Outcomes: Theory and Evidence from the French Labor Market," Working Papers halshs-00624435, HAL.
  3. Pan Ké Shon, Jean-Louis & Verdugo, Gregory, 2014. "Forty Years of Immigrant Segregation in France, 1968-2007: How Different Is the New Immigration?," IZA Discussion Papers 8062, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Jean-Louis Pan Ké Shon, 2011. "Residential segregation of immigrants in France: an over view," Population and Societies 477, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
  5. Pascaline Vincent & Frédéric Chantreuil & Benoït Tarroux, 2012. "Appraising the breakdown of unequal individuals in large French cities," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201220, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.

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