Mother's Autonomy and Child Welfare: A New Measure and Some New Evidence
AbstractWe construct a new, direct measure of female autonomy in household decision-making by creating an index from the principal components of a variety of household variables on which mother of a child takes decision. We then examine its impacts on her child’s secondary education in Mexico and find that the children of Mexican mothers with greater autonomy in domestic decision making have higher enrolment in and lower probability of dropping out of secondary school. We use the relative proximity of spousal parents as instruments for relative autonomy to ameliorate the potential endogeneity between autonomy and welfare outcomes. We argue that omitted variables that may drive education and autonomy are likely to be uncorrelated with the ones driving location choice of families given the migration patterns in Mexico. However, the positive autonomy effect is weaker and non-existent for older children and for girls suggesting that gender-directed conditional cash transfer policies may not necessarily hasten educational and gender transition in the process of development.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5438.
Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2011
Date of revision:
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
- I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
- J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-01-30 (All new papers)
- NEP-HAP-2011-01-30 (Economics of Happiness)
- NEP-LAB-2011-01-30 (Labour Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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"Fixed effects estimation of structural parameters and marginal effects in panel probit models,"
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- repec:rdg:wpaper:em-dp2011-05 is not listed on IDEAS
- Alfano, Marco & Arulampalam, Wiji & Kambhampati, Uma, 2011.
"Maternal Autonomy and the Education of the Subsequent Generation : Evidence from three contrasting states in India,"
The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS)
970, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
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- Marco Alfano & Wiji Arulampalam & Uma Kambhampati, 2011. "Maternal Autonomy and the Education of the Subsequent Generation: Evidence from Three Contrasting States in India," Economics & Management Discussion Papers, Henley Business School, Reading University em-dp2011-05, Henley Business School, Reading University.
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