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The Effect of Education on Smoking Behavior: New Evidence from Smoking Durations of a Sample of Twins

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Author Info

  • Koning, Pierre

    ()
    (VU University Amsterdam)

  • Webbink, Dinand

    ()
    (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Martin, Nicholas G.

    ()
    (Queensland Institute of Medical Research)

Abstract

This paper analyses the effect of education on starting and quitting smoking, using longitudinal data of Australian twins. The endogeneity of education, censoring of smoking durations and the timing of starting smoking versus that of completion of education are taken into account by the flexible Mixed Proportional Hazard specification. Unobserved effects are assumed to be twin specific and possibly correlated with completed education years. We find that one additional year of education reduces the duration of smoking with 9 months but has no effect on the decision to start smoking.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4796.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4796

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Keywords: education; duration models; smoking;

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References

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  1. Lindeboom, Maarten & Llena-Nozal, Ana & van der Klaauw, Bas, 2006. "Parental Education and Child Health: Evidence from a Schooling Reform," IZA Discussion Papers 2516, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  19. Jaap H. Abbring & Gerard J. van den Berg, 2003. "The Nonparametric Identification of Treatment Effects in Duration Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(5), pages 1491-1517, 09.
  20. Andrew M. Jones, 2007. "Panel data methods and applications to health economics," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 07/18, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
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  24. Albouy, Valerie & Lequien, Laurent, 2009. "Does compulsory education lower mortality?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 155-168, January.
  25. Douglas, Stratford & Hariharan, Govind, 1994. "The hazard of starting smoking: Estimates from a split population duration model," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 213-230, July.
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  1. The Effect of Education on Smoking Behavior
    by Ariel Goldring in Free Market Mojo on 2010-04-30 11:02:10

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