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Minimum-Income Benefits in OECD Countries: Policy Design, Effectiveness and Challenges

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  • Immervoll, Herwig

    ()
    (OECD, Paris)

Abstract

Almost all OECD countries operate comprehensive minimum-income programmes for working-age individuals, either as last-resort safety nets alongside primary income replacement benefits, or as the principal instrument for delivering social protection. Such safety-net benefits aim primarily at providing an acceptable standard of living for families unable to earn sufficient incomes from other sources. This paper provides an overview of social assistance and other minimum-income programmes in OECD countries, summarises their main features, and highlights a number of current policy challenges.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4627.

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Length: 52 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: D. J. Besharov and K. A. Couch (eds.), Counting the Poor. New Thinking About European Poverty Measures and Lessons for the United States, 2012, Oxford University Press, 171-209. Also available as OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Paper
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4627

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Keywords: welfare to work; negative income tax; social assistance; poverty;

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References

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  1. Virginia Hernanz & Franck Malherbet & Michele Pellizzari, 2004. "Take-Up of Welfare Benefits in OECD Countries: A Review of the Evidence," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 17, OECD Publishing.
  2. Immervoll, Herwig & Pearson, Mark, 2009. "A Good Time for Making Work Pay? Taking Stock of In-Work Benefits and Related Measures across the OECD," IZA Policy Papers, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 3, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Card, David & Chetty, Raj & Weber, Andrea, 2007. "The Spike at Benefit Exhaustion: Leaving the Unemployment System or Starting a New Job?," IZA Discussion Papers 2590, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Daniela Kalužná, 2008. "Main Features of the Public Employment Service in the Czech Republic," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 74, OECD Publishing.
  5. Lawrence Katz & Bruce Meyer, 1988. "The Impact of the Potential Duration of Unemployment Benefits on the Duration of Unemployment," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 621, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  6. Card, David & Levine, Phillip B., 2000. "Extended benefits and the duration of UI spells: evidence from the New Jersey extended benefit program," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 78(1-2), pages 107-138, October.
  7. Lorenzo Cappellari & Stephen P. Jenkins, 2008. "The Dynamics of Social Assistance Receipt: Measurement and Modelling Issues, with an Application to Britain," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 828, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
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  9. Lalive, Rafael & van Ours, Jan C & Zweimüller, Josef, 2005. "How Changes in Financial Incentives Affect the Duration of Unemployment," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 4986, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  16. Boone, Jan & van Ours, Jan C., 2009. "Why is there a spike in the job finding rate at benefit exhaustion?," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 7525, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  17. Martin, John P. & Grubb, David, 2001. "What works and for whom: a review of OECD countries' experiences with active labour market policies," Working Paper Series, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy 2001:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
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  20. Hohmeyer, Katrin & Wolff, Joachim, 2007. "A fistful of Euros: Does One-Euro-Job participation lead means-tested benefit recipients into regular jobs and out of unemployment benefit II receipt?," IAB Discussion Paper 200732, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  21. Daniela Kalužná, 2008. "Main Features of the Public Employment Service in the Slovak Republic," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 72, OECD Publishing.
  22. Knut Roed & Tao Zhang, 2003. "Does Unemployment Compensation Affect Unemployment Duration?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(484), pages 190-206, January.
  23. James Midgley & Kitty Stewart & David Piachaud & Howard Glennerster, 2008. "Welfare reform in the United States: implications for British social policy," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 6192, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  24. David Card & Charles Michalopoulos & Philip K. Robins, 2001. "The Limits to Wage Growth: Measuring the Growth Rate of Wages For Recent Welfare Leavers," NBER Working Papers 8444, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  25. Knut Røed & Oddbjørn Raaum, 2006. "Do Labour Market Programmes Speed up the Return to Work?," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 68(5), pages 541-568, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Natascha Van Mechelen & Sarah Marchal & Tim Goedemé & Ive Marx & Bea Cantillon, 2011. "The CSB-Minimum Income Protection Indicators dataset (CSB-MIPI)," Working Papers, Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp 1105, Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp.
  2. Immervoll, Herwig & Richardson, Linda, 2011. "Redistribution Policy and Inequality Reduction in OECD Countries: What Has Changed in Two Decades?," IZA Discussion Papers 6030, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Stefan Bauernschuster & Wido Geis & Christian Holzner & Helmut Rainer, 2010. "Das Bundesverfassungsgerichtsurteil zu den Hartz-IV-Regelsätzen: Hintergrund und Bedeutung," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 63(05), pages 21-29, 03.
  4. Natascha Van Mechelen & Sarah Marchal, 2013. "Trends and convergence of Europe’s minimum income schemes," ImPRovE Working Papers, Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp 13/11, Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp.

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