Intra-Household Time Allocation: Gender Differences in Caring for Children
AbstractThis paper analyses the intra-household allocation of time to show gender differences in childcare. In the framework of a general efficiency approach, hours spent on childcare by each parent are regressed against individual and household characteristics, for five samples (Denmark, France, Germany, Italy and Spain), with data being drawn from the European Community Household Panel-ECHP (1994-2001). Empirical results show a clear inequality in childcare between fathers and mothers, with this being more evident in Mediterranean countries. Panel data estimates reveal that, in general, caring tasks are mainly influenced by the presence of young children in the household, by the total non-labor income, and by the ratio of mothers' non-labor income to family's non-labor income, with this latter variable exhibiting a different behavior across genders and across countries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4188.
Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: May 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as 'Gender Differences in Childcare: Time Allocation in Five European Countries' in: Feminist Economics, 2011, 17 (1), 119-150
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Other versions of this item:
- Inmaculada García & José Alberto Molina & Víctor M. Montuenga, 2009. "Intra-household Time Allocation: Gender Differences in Caring for Children," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 197, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
- D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
- C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
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- Kalenkoski, Charlene M. & Ribar, David C. & Stratton, Leslie S., 2006.
"The Influence of Wages on Parents’ Allocations of Time to Child Care and Market Work in the United Kingdom,"
IZA Discussion Papers
2436, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Charlene Kalenkoski & David Ribar & Leslie Stratton, 2009. "The influence of wages on parents’ allocations of time to child care and market work in the United Kingdom," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 399-419, April.
- Diego Dueñas Fernández & Carlos Iglesias Fernández & Raquel Llorente Heras, 2011. "La gestión del tiempo de ocio y estudio por parte de los jóvenes: ¿cómo afectan las nuevas tecnologías?," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 6, in: Antonio Caparrós Ruiz (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 6, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 6, pages 101-117 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
- José Alberto Molina & Víctor M. Montuenga, 2008.
"The Motherhood Wage Penalty in a Mediterranean Country: The Case of Spain,"
Documentos de Trabajo
dt2008-02, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
- Molina, José Alberto & Montuenga, Víctor M., 2008. "The Motherhood Wage Penalty in a Mediterranean Country: The Case of Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 3574, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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