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Long-Term Effects of Forced Migration

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  • Sarvimäki, Matti

    ()
    (London School of Economics)

  • Uusitalo, Roope

    ()
    (HECER)

  • Jäntti, Markus

    ()
    (SOFI, Stockholm University)

Abstract

We study the long-term effects of human displacement using individual-level panel data on forced migrants and comparable non-migrants. After World War II, Finland ceded a tenth of its territory to the Soviet Union and resettled the entire population living in these areas in the remaining parts of the country. We find that displacement increased the long-term income of men, but had no effect on that of women. We attribute a large part of the effect to faster transition from traditional (rural) to modern (urban) occupations among the displaced.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4003.

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Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4003

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Keywords: regional labor markets; displaced persons; migration;

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References

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  1. Mathias Czaika & Krisztina Kis-Katos, 2007. "Civil Conflict and Displacement: Village-Level Determinants of Forced Migration in Aceh," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 32, Households in Conflict Network.
  2. Florence Kondylis, 2007. "Conflict-Induced Displacement and Labour Market Outcomes: Evidence from Post-War Bosnia and Herzegovina," CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE dp0777, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  3. Schultz, T Paul, 1971. "Rural-Urban Migration in Colombia," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 53(2), pages 157-63, May.
  4. Ibáñez, Ana Mari­a & Vélez, Carlos Eduardo, 2008. "Civil Conflict and Forced Migration: The Micro Determinants and Welfare Losses of Displacement in Colombia," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 659-676, April.
  5. Joshua Angrist & Eric Bettinger & Michael Kremer, 2006. "Long-Term Educational Consequences of Secondary School Vouchers: Evidence from Administrative Records in Colombia," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 96(3), pages 847-862, June.
  6. Gottschang, Thomas R, 1987. "Economic Change, Disasters, and Migration: The Historical Case of Manchuria," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 35(3), pages 461-90, April.
  7. George J. Borjas, 2001. "Does Immigration Grease the Wheels of the Labor Market?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 32(1), pages 69-134.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Thomas Bauer & Sebastian Braun & Michael Kvasnicka, 2011. "The Economic Integration of Forced Migrants. Evidence for Post-War Germany," Kiel Working Papers, Kiel Institute for the World Economy 1719, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  2. Alexander Murray, 2010. "The State of Knowledge on the Role and Impact of Labour Market Information: A Survey of the International Evidence," CSLS Research Reports, Centre for the Study of Living Standards 2010-05, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
  3. Christoph Eder, 2013. "Displacement and Education of the Next Generation: Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 152, Households in Conflict Network.
  4. Puhani, Patrick, 2014. "Employment Industry and Occupational Continuity in Germany: From the Nazi Regime to the Post-War Economic Miracle," Economics Working Paper Series, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science 1422, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
  5. Falck, Oliver & Heblich, Stephan & Link, Susanne, 2011. "The Evils of Forced Migration: Do Integration Policies Alleviate Migrants' Economic Situations?," IZA Discussion Papers, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 5829, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Aki Kangasharju & Matti Sarvimäki, 2010. "Self-Reinforcing Shocks: Evidence from a Resettlement Policy," SERC Discussion Papers, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE 0047, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  7. Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh & Isabel Ruiz & Carlos Vargas-Silva & Roger Zetter, 2012. "Assessing the Impacts and Costs of Forced Displacement : Volume 1. A Mixed Methods Approach," World Bank Other Operational Studies, The World Bank 16096, The World Bank.
  8. Karol Jan Borowiecki, 2012. "Are composers different? Historical evidence on conflict-induced migration (1816-1997)," European Review of Economic History, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(3), pages 270-291, August.
  9. Stephan Thomsen, 2009. "Job Search Assistance Programs in Europe: Evaluation Methods and Recent Empirical Findings," FEMM Working Papers, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management 09018, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management.

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