Stuck Between Surplus and Shortage: Demand for Skills in the Russian Industry
AbstractIn order to remain competitive, firms need to keep the quantity and composition of jobs close to the optimal for their given output. Since the beginning of the transition period, Russian industrial firms have been widely reporting that the quantity and composition of hired labor is far from being close to optimal. This paper discusses what kinds of firms in the Russian manufacturing sector are not able to optimize their employment and why. Do they suffer from a labor shortage induced by rapid growth, or are they still struggling with employment overhang? What are the occupations and skills in which there is a supposed surplus or shortage? What factors affect the probability that a firm will report non-optimal employment and be unable to solve this difficulty? Where is the labor excess/shortage concentrated and what makes it persistent? Finally, we discuss the costs of non-optimal employment. The analysis presented in this article is based on the data from a large-scale survey of Russian manufacturing firms.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3934.
Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Labour, 2010, 24(3), 311–332
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Other versions of this item:
- V. Gimpelson & R. Kapeliushnikov & A. Lukiyanova, 2008. "Stuck Between Surplus and Shortage: Demand for Skills in the Russian Industry," ESCIRRU Working Papers 10, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
- J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-01-24 (All new papers)
- NEP-CIS-2009-01-24 (Confederation of Independent States)
- NEP-HRM-2009-01-24 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-LAB-2009-01-24 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-TRA-2009-01-24 (Transition Economics)
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- World Bank, 2011. "Challenges to Enterprise Performance in the Face of the Financial Crisis : Eastern Europe and Central Asia," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2316, March.
- Vladimir Gimpelson & Aleksey Oshchepkov, 2012.
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HSE Working papers
WP BRP 13/EC/2012, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
- Vladimir Gimpelson & Aleksey Oshchepkov, 2012. "Does more unemployment cause more fear of unemployment?," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 1-26, December.
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