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Identifying Population Groups at High Risk of Social Exclusion: Evidence from the ECHP

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Author Info

  • Tsakloglou, Panos

    ()
    (Athens University of Economics and Business)

  • Papadopoulos, Fotis

    (affiliation not available)

Abstract

In recent years in the public discourse of many European countries there has been a shift in emphasis from "poverty" to "social exclusion". Broadly interpreted, "social exclusion" implies the "inability of an individual to participate in the basic political, economic and social functionings of the society in which she/he lives". In practice, there is little consensus about its proper operationalisation. The paper approaches "social exclusion" from the point of view of "chronic cumulative disadvantage" and attempts to identify population members at high risk of social exclusion in EU countries using the information of the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). The results show that there are many qualitative similarities and quantitative differences across the EU. In almost all countries the looser the links of the individual or the household with the labour market the higher the risk of social exclusion. However, the extent to which secure and uninterrupted employment provides a shield against social exclusion varies a lot across countries. Moreover, in almost all countries children face a higher risk of social exclusion than the rest of the population. To a large extent, this risk is accounted by the higher than average risk of social exclusion facing children living in lone-parent households. On the contrary, older persons face a high risk of social exclusion in only a few southern EU countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 392.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2001
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: R. Muffels, P. Tsakloglou and D. Mayes (eds.), Social Exclusion in European Welfare States, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 2002, pp. 135-169
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp392

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Keywords: household survey; European Union; Social exclusion;

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References

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  1. Buhmann, Brigitte, et al, 1988. "Equivalence Scales, Well-Being, Inequality, and Poverty: Sensitivity Estimates across Ten Countries Using the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) Database," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 34(2), pages 115-42, June.
  2. Stephen P. Jenkins, 2000. "Modelling household income dynamics," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 13(4), pages 529-567.
  3. Sen, Amartya, 1999. "Commodities and Capabilities," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195650389, September.
  4. repec:ese:emodwp:em1-00 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Desai, Meghnad & Shah, Anup, 1988. "An Econometric Approach to the Measurement of Poverty," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(3), pages 505-22, September.
  6. Carlos Farinha Rodrigues, 1999. "Income distribution and poverty in Portugal (1994/95)," Working Papers Department of Economics 1999/04, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Satya R. Chakravarty & Conchita D'Ambrosio, 2006. "The Measurement Of Social Exclusion," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 52(3), pages 377-398, 09.
  2. D'Ambrosio, Conchita & Frick, Joachim R., 2004. "Subjective Well-Being and Relative Deprivation: An Empirical Link," IZA Discussion Papers 1351, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Francesco Devicienti & Ambra Poggi, 2007. "Poverty and social exclusion: two sides of the same coin or dynamically interrelated processes?," LABORatorio R. Revelli Working Papers Series 62, LABORatorio R. Revelli, Centre for Employment Studies.
  4. Dimitra Aggelopoulou & Stavros Zografakis & Panayiotis Sypsas, 2011. "Distribution of poverty and inequality indices for various groups in Greece using the bootstrap technique," International Journal of Economic Sciences and Applied Research (IJESAR), Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Kavala, Greece, vol. 4(2), pages 81-97, August.
  5. Böhnke, Petra, 2007. "Poverty and social integration in the enlarged Europe," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Inequality and Social Integration SP I 2007-202, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  6. Poggi, Ambra & Ramos, Xavi, 2007. "Empirical Modeling of Deprivation Contagion among Social Exclusion Dimensions (Using MCMC Methods)," IZA Discussion Papers 2614, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Liliana Fernandes & Américo Mendes & Aurora Teixeira, 2012. "A Review Essay on the Measurement of Child Well-Being," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 106(2), pages 239-257, April.
  8. John P. Haisken-DeNew & Mathias Sinning, 2007. "Social Deprivation and Exclusion of Immigrants in Germany," Ruhr Economic Papers 0031, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  9. Walter Bossert & Conchita D'Ambrosio & Vito Peragine, 2007. "Deprivation and Social Exclusion," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 74(296), pages 777-803, November.
  10. Blázquez, Maite & Budría, Santiago, 2011. "Deprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2011/08, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
  11. Raileanu Szeles, Monica, 2007. "The patterns and causes of social exclusion in Luxembourg," IRISS Working Paper Series 2007-09, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  12. Conchita D'Ambrosio & Pietro Muliere & Piercesare Secchi, 2003. "Income Thresholds and Income Classes," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 325, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  13. Monica Raileanu Szeles & Ileana Tache, 2008. "The Forms and Determinants of Social Exclusion in the European Union: The Case of Luxemburg," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 369-380, November.

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