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A Comparison of the Poverty Impact of Transfers, Taxes and Market Income across Five OECD Countries

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  • Bibi, Sami

    ()
    (Policy and Economic Poverty Network)

  • Duclos, Jean-Yves

    ()
    (Université Laval)

Abstract

This paper compares the poverty reduction impact of income sources, taxes and transfers across five OECD countries. Since the estimation of that impact can depend on the order in which the various income sources are introduced into the analysis, it is done by using the Shapley value. Estimates of the poverty reduction impact are presented in a normalized and un-normalized fashion, in order to take into account the total as well as the per dollar impacts. The methodology is applied to data from the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) database.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3824.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Bulletin of Economic Research, 2010, 62 (4). 387 - 406
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3824

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Keywords: Shapley value; poverty reduction; transfers; taxes; OECD countries;

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References

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  1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
  2. Makdissi, Paul & Therrien, Yannick & Wodon, Quentin, 2006. "L’impact des transferts publics et des taxes sur la pauvreté au Canada et aux États-Unis," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 82(3), pages 377-394, septembre.
  3. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-31, March.
  4. Lipton, Michael & Ravallion, Martin, 1995. "Poverty and policy," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 41, pages 2551-2657 Elsevier.
  5. Timothy Smeeding, 2006. "Poor People in Rich Nations: The United States in Comparative Perspective," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 20(1), pages 69-90, Winter.
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Cited by:
  1. Michał Brzeziński, 2011. "Accounting for recent trends in absolute poverty in Poland: A decomposition analysis," Working Papers 2011-19, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  2. Guillaume Allègre, 2012. "Work, family or state ? from wage inequalitie ans in-work poverty in a european cross-country perspective," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) 2012-12, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  3. Guillaume Allegre, 2012. "Work, Family or State? From wage inequalities to standard of living inequalities and inwork poverty in a European cross-country perspective," Sciences Po publications 2012-12, Sciences Po.

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