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School Attendance of Children and the Work of Mothers: A Joint Multilevel Model for India

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Author Info

  • Francavilla, Francesca

    ()
    (Policy Studies Institute)

  • Giannelli, Gianna Claudia

    ()
    (University of Florence)

  • Grilli, Leonardo

    ()
    (University of Florence)

Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of school attendance of children and their mother’s working status when the mother decides how to allocate her time and that of her children. A multilevel random effects model is applied to study the mother’s participation and the schooling status of her children in a joint framework. Using the second National Family Health Survey (NFHS-2) for India, we find that, controlling for many covariates among which wealth is the most powerful predictor, children of working mothers have a lower probability of attending school. This, together with the result that only illiterate and poor mothers with unskilled or unemployed partners have a high probability of working, points to the need for decent labour market opportunities for females. An implication of our findings is that any policy aiming both at enhancing women’s empowerment through labour and increasing children’s welfare should also target improvements in women’s conditions in the labour market.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3531.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as 'Mothers’ Employment and their Children’s Schooling: A Joint Multilevel Analysis for India' in: World Development, 2013, 41, 183-195
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3531

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Related research

Keywords: women's work; random effects; children's schooling; India; household allocation of time;

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  1. Alessandro Cigno, 2006. "A constitutional theory of the family," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 259-283, June.
  2. Anders Skrondal & Sophia Rabe-Hesketh, 2007. "Latent Variable Modelling: A Survey," Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, vol. 34(4), pages 712-745.
  3. Jere R. Behrman & Mark R. Rosenzweig, 2002. "Does Increasing Women's Schooling Raise the Schooling of the Next Generation?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 92(1), pages 323-334, March.
  4. Francavilla, Francesca & Giannelli, Gianna Claudia, 2007. "The Relation between Child Labour and Mothers' Work: The Case of India," IZA Discussion Papers 3099, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Sophia Rabe-Hesketh & Anders Skrondal & Andrew Pickles, 2004. "GLLAMM Manual," U.C. Berkeley Division of Biostatistics Working Paper Series, Berkeley Electronic Press 1160, Berkeley Electronic Press.
  6. Cochrane, Susan H & Guilkey, David K, 1995. "The Effects of Fertility Intentions and Access to Services on Contraceptive Use in Tunisia," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 43(4), pages 779-804, July.
  7. Gianna Claudia Giannelli & Francesca Francavilla, 2007. "Do Family Planning Programmes Help Women’s Employment? The Case of Indian Mothers," CHILD Working Papers, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY wp05_07, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.
  8. Basu, Kaushik & Van, Pham Hoang, 1998. "The Economics of Child Labor," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 412-27, June.
  9. Deborah Degraff & Richard Bilsborrow & David Guilkey, 1997. "Community-level determinants of contraceptive use in the Philippines: A structural analysis," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 385-398, August.
  10. Erik Plug, 2004. "Estimating the Effect of Mother's Schooling on Children's Schooling Using a Sample of Adoptees," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 358-368, March.
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