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Private Supplementary Tutoring in Turkey: Recent Evidence on Its Various Aspects

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  • Tansel, Aysit

    ()
    (Middle East Technical University)

  • Bircan, Fatma

    ()
    (Middle East Technical University)

Abstract

This paper first describes the educational system in Turkey an the two national examinations for advancing upper levels of schooling which give raise to the demand for private tutoring called “dersane” in Turkish. Second, the evolution of the Private tutoring Centers (PTC) are described and compared with the high schools in the country. Third, geographical distribution of the PTC, general high schools and the proportion of high school age population are compared over the provinces to give an idea about special equity issues. Other topics addressed include gender and PTC students, disruption of mainstream education, determinants of the demand for services of the PTCs, cost of PTCs and evidence on the effectiveness of PTCs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3471.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3471

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Keywords: private tutoring; education; demand for education;

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References

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  1. Bray, Mark & Kwok, Percy, 2003. "Demand for private supplementary tutoring: conceptual considerations, and socio-economic patterns in Hong Kong," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 611-620, December.
  2. Tansel, A., 1992. "Wage Employment, Earnings and Returns to Schooling for Men and Women in Turkey," Papers, Yale - Economic Growth Center 661, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  3. Aysit Tansel, 1999. "Public-Private Employment Choice, Wage Differentials and Gender in Turkey," Working Papers 9913, Economic Research Forum, revised May 1999.
  4. Tansel, AysIt & Bircan, Fatma, 2006. "Demand for education in Turkey: A tobit analysis of private tutoring expenditures," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 303-313, June.
  5. Tansel, Aysit & Bircan, Fatma, 2005. "Effect of Private Tutoring on University Entrance Examination Performance in Turkey," IZA Discussion Papers 1609, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Aysit Tansel, 1999. "Public-Private Employment Choice, Wage Differentials and Gender in Turkey," Working Papers, Economic Growth Center, Yale University 797, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  7. Tansel, Aysit, 2002. "Determinants of school attainment of boys and girls in Turkey: individual, household and community factors," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(5), pages 455-470, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Giray Berberoglu & Aysit Tansel, 2014. "Does private tutoring increase students’ academic performance? Evidence from Turkey," ERC Working Papers 1408, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Jul 2014.
  2. Tansel, Aysit, 2013. "Private Tutoring and the Question of Equitable Opportunities in Turkey," MPRA Paper 45061, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 14 Mar 2013.
  3. Gurun, Ayfer & Millimet, Daniel L., 2008. "Does Private Tutoring Payoff?," IZA Discussion Papers 3637, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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