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From Illegal to Legal: Estimating Previous Illegal Experience among New Legal Immigrants to the United States

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Author Info

  • Jasso, Guillermina

    ()
    (New York University)

  • Massey, Douglas S.

    ()
    (Princeton University)

  • Rosenzweig, Mark R.

    ()
    (Yale University)

  • Smith, James P.

    ()
    (RAND)

Abstract

This paper develops a framework for estimating previous illegal experience among annual cohorts of new legal immigrants to the United States – using public-use administrative microdata alone, survey data alone, and the two jointly – and provides estimates for the FY 1996 cohort of new immigrants, based on both administrative and survey data. Our procedures enable assessment of type of illegal experience, including entry without inspection, visa overstay, and unauthorized employment. We compare our estimates of previous illegal experience to estimates that would be obtained using administrative data alone; examine the extent of previous illegal experience by country of birth, immigrant class of admission, religion, and geographic residence in the United States; and estimate multivariate models of the probability of having previous illegal experience. To further assess origins and destinations, we carry out two kinds of contrasts, comparing formerly illegal new legal immigrants both to fellow immigrants who do not have previous illegal experience and also to the broader unauthorized population, the latter using estimates developed by DHS (2002), Passel (2002), and Costanzo et al. (2002).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3441.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: International Migration Review, 2008, 42 (4), 803-843
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3441

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Keywords: administrative data; legal immigration; illegal immigration; survey data;

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References

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  1. Guillermina Jasso & Mark R. Rosenzweig & James P. Smith, 2000. "The Changing Skill of New Immigrants to the United States: Recent Trends and Their Determinants," NBER Chapters, in: Issues in the Economics of Immigration, pages 185-226 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Orrenius, Pia M. & Zavodny, Madeline, 2010. "The Minimum Wage and Latino Workers," IZA Discussion Papers 5341, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Julie L. Hotchkiss & Myriam Quispe-Agnoli & Fernando Rios-Avila, 2012. "The wage impact of undocumented workers," Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta 2012-04, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  3. Jasso, Guillermina, 2011. "Migration and Stratification," IZA Discussion Papers 5904, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Constant, Amelie F. & Nottmeyer, Olga & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2012. "The Economics of Circular Migration," IZA Discussion Papers 6940, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Gindling, T. H. & Poggio, Sara Z., 2010. "The Effect of Family Separation and Reunification on the Educational Success of Immigrant Children in the United States," IZA Discussion Papers 4887, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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