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The Matching Method for Treatment Evaluation with Selective Participation and Ineligibles

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Author Info

  • Costa Dias, Monica

    ()
    (Institute for Fiscal Studies, London)

  • Ichimura, Hidehiko

    ()
    (University of Tokyo)

  • van den Berg, Gerard J.

    ()
    (University of Mannheim)

Abstract

The matching method for treatment evaluation does not balance selective unobserved differences between treated and non-treated. We derive a simple correction term if there is an instrument that shifts the treatment probability to zero in specific cases. Policies with eligibility restrictions, where treatment is impossible if some variable exceeds a certain value, provide a natural application. In an empirical analysis, we first examine the performance of matching versus regression-discontinuity estimation in the sharp age-discontinuity design of the NDYP job search assistance program for young unemployed in the UK. Next, we exploit the age eligibility restriction in the Swedish Youth Practice subsidized work program for young unemployed, where compliance is imperfect among the young. Adjusting the matching estimator for selectivity changes the results towards ineffectiveness of subsidized work in moving individuals into employment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3280.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3280

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Related research

Keywords: job search assistance; selection; regression discontinuity; treatment effect; policy evaluation; propensity score; subsidized work; youth unemployment;

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Cited by:
  1. de Luna, Xavier & Johansson, Per, 2012. "Testing for nonparametric identification of causal effects in the presence of a quasi-instrument," Working Paper Series 2012:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  2. Joseph, Olivier & Pailhé, Ariane & Recotillet, Isabelle & Solaz, Anne, 2013. "The economic impact of taking short parental leave: Evaluation of a French reform," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 63-75.

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