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Der Arbeitsmarkt in Deutschland: Zwischen Strukturreformen und sozialpolitischem Reflex

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  • Eichhorst, Werner

    ()
    (IZA)

Abstract

Die Arbeitsmarktreformen der letzten Jahre haben die strukturellen Anpassungsprobleme des deutschen Beschäftigungsmodells zum Teil gelindert – allerdings sind noch längst nicht alle Schwierigkeiten überwunden. Für die Zukunft besteht die zentrale Herausforderung darin, eine beschäftigungspolitisch sinnvolle Kombination von Flexibilität und Sicherheit zu finden und dabei der Prävention von Arbeitslosigkeit durch Aus- und Weiterbildung klare Priorität gegenüber der passiven Kompensation von Arbeitslosigkeit zu geben. Die aktuelle politische Diskussion vernachlässigt dies. Erfolg versprechender als eine Rückkehr zur sozialpolitischen Abfederung von Anpassungsprozessen ist eine klare Priorität auf eine ausreichende Grundqualifikation aller Erwerbspersonen sowie auf einen Umbau der Regulierung des Arbeitsmarktes und der Arbeitsmarktpolitik, um flexible und sichere Übergänge auf dem Arbeitsmarkt zu gewährleisten und über Weiterbildung die Anpassung an veränderte Anforderungen zu erleichtern.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3194.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Gesundheits- und Sozialpolitik, 2008, 62 (2), 17-30
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3194

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Keywords: labor market reforms; activation; Germany; unemployment protection;

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References

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  1. Gartner, Hermann & Klinger, Sabine, 2007. "Aufschwung am Arbeitsmarkt: Trendwende oder Strohfeuer?," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1998 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 87(9), pages 613-619.
  2. Jacobi, Lena & Kluve, Jochen, 2007. "Before and after the Hartz reforms: The performance of active labour market policy in Germany," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 40(1), pages 45-64.
  3. Alfred Boss & Alessio J. G. Brown & Dennis Snower, 2007. "Beschäftigungskonten für Deutschland," Kiel Working Papers 1325, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  4. Holger Bonin & Armin Falk & Hilmar Schneider, 2007. "Workfare – praktikabel und gerecht," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(04), pages 33-37, 02.
  5. Streeck, Wolfgang & Trampusch, Christine, 2005. "Economic reform and the political economy of the German welfare state," MPIfG Working Paper 05/2, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
  6. Freeman, Richard & Schettkat, Ronald, 2001. "Skill Compression, Wage Differentials, and Employment: Germany vs the US," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 582-603, July.
  7. Konle-Seidl, Regina & Eichhorst, Werner & Grienberger-Zingerle, Maria, 2007. "Activation policies in Germany : from status protection to basic income support," IAB Discussion Paper 200706, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  8. Eichhorst, Werner & Konle-Seidl, Regina, 2005. "The interaction of labor market regulation and labor market policies in welfare state reform," IAB Discussion Paper 200519, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  9. Karl Brenke & Werner Eichhorst, 2007. "Mindestlohn für Deutschland nicht sinnvoll," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 74(9), pages 121-131.
  10. Dustmann, Christian & Ludsteck, Johannes & Schönberg, Uta, 2007. "Revisiting the German Wage Structure," IZA Discussion Papers 2685, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Eichhorst, Werner & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2007. "And Then There Were Four... How Many (and Which) Measures of Active Labour Market Policy Do We Still Need?," CEPR Discussion Papers 6246, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Olaf Groh-Samberg, 2007. "Armut in Deutschland verfestigt sich," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 74(12), pages 177-182.
  13. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:40:i:1:p:45-64 is not listed on IDEAS
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