Economic Influences on Child Migration Decisions: Evidence from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh
AbstractWhy do young children migrate without a parent? We consider the economic components of the answer to this question by examining the correlates of out-migration for children under 15 whose mother's reside in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, India. 1 million children appear to have migrated away from home in our data. On average 3 percent of living children 5-14 in our communities are away from home, but the fraction of out-migrant children ranges between 0 and 29 percent. We find that the data are consistent with a classical view of migration: children on average appear to migrate out of competitive, rural child labor markets for net financial gain. The costs of migration are important. Children are less likely to migrate from more remote locations. Children are less likely to migrate from locations where child wages are higher. Overall, patterns of child migration away from their mothers look similar to what other researchers have observed in adult populations in different social and economic contexts.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3174.
Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2007
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Other versions of this item:
- Eric V. Edmonds & Philip Salinger, 2008. "Economic influences on child migration decisions: evidence from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh," Indian Growth and Development Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 1(1), pages 32-56, April.
- J82 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Labor Force Composition
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-11-24 (All new papers)
- NEP-CWA-2007-11-24 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-DEV-2007-11-24 (Development)
- NEP-MIG-2007-11-24 (Economics of Human Migration)
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