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Temporary Migrants From Egypt: How Long Do They Stay Abroad?

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Author Info

  • Gang, Ira N.

    ()
    (Rutgers University)

  • Bauer, Thomas K.

    ()
    (RWI)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the determinants and timing of return migration. Special attention is given to the role of social and informational migration networks. A simple theoretical model of temporary migration demonstrates that the effect of migration networks on optimal migration duration is ambiguous. Using a sample of return migrants from six different villages in Egypt we investigate the determinants of migration duration using a flexible parametric proportional hazard model for discrete duration data. Controlling for human capital and demographic characteristics of the migrants and economic indicators for the host country, the estimation results show that informational networks have a statistically significant negative effect on migration duration.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Apr 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3

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Keywords: return migrants; duration of migration;

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References

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  1. Kiefer, Nicholas M, 1988. "Economic Duration Data and Hazard Functions," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 646-79, June.
  2. Han, Aaron & Hausman, Jerry A, 1990. "Flexible Parametric Estimation of Duration and Competing Risk Models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 5(1), pages 1-28, January-M.
  3. Stark, Oded, 1995. " Return and Dynamics: The Path of Labor Migration When Workers Differ in Their Skills and Information Is Asymmetric," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 97(1), pages 55-71, March.
  4. Lucas, Robert E B & Stark, Oded, 1985. "Motivations to Remit: Evidence from Botswana," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 901-18, October.
  5. Oded Stark & Christian Helmenstein & Yury Yegorov, 1997. "Migrants' Savings, Purchasing Power Parity, and the Optimal Duration of Migration," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, Springer, vol. 4(3), pages 307-324, July.
  6. Dustmann, Christian, 1997. "Return migration, uncertainty and precautionary savings," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 295-316, April.
  7. Richards, Alan, 1994. "The Egyptian farm labor market revisited," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 239-261, April.
  8. Hill, John K., 1987. "Immigrant decisions concerning duration of stay and migratory frequency," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 221-234, February.
  9. Block, M K & Heineke, J M, 1973. "The Allocation of Effort under Uncertainty: The Case of Risk-averse Behavior," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(2), pages 376-85, Part I, M.
  10. Lancaster, Tony, 1979. "Econometric Methods for the Duration of Unemployment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 47(4), pages 939-56, July.
  11. Co, Catherine Y. & Gang, Ira N. & Yun, Myeong-Su, 1998. "Returns to Returning: Who Went Abroad and What Does it Matter?," IZA Discussion Papers 19, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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Cited by:
  1. Ira N. Gang & Thomas Bauer & Gil S. Epstein, 2002. "Herd Effects or Migration Networks? The Location Choice of Mexican Immigrants in the U.S," Departmental Working Papers, Rutgers University, Department of Economics 200216, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  2. Ira N. Gang & Catherine Y. Co & Myeong-Su Yun, 1999. "Returns to Returning," Departmental Working Papers, Rutgers University, Department of Economics 199813, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  3. Lee, Sang-Hyop & Sukrakarn, Nopparat & Choi, Jin-Young, 2011. "Repeat migration and remittances: Evidence from Thai migrant workers," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 142-151, April.
  4. Co, Catherine Y. & Gang, Ira N. & Yun, Myeong-Su, 1998. "Returns to Returning: Who Went Abroad and What Does it Matter?," IZA Discussion Papers 19, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Jennifer Hook & Weiwei Zhang, 2011. "Who Stays? Who Goes? Selective Emigration Among the Foreign-Born," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, Springer, vol. 30(1), pages 1-24, February.
  6. Constant, Amelie F. & Massey, Douglas S., 2002. "Self-Selection, Earnings, and Out-Migration: A Longitudinal Study of Immigrants to Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 672, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Riccardo Faini, 2003. "The Brain Drain: an Unmitigated Blessing?," Development Working Papers, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano 173, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.

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